The Arizona Law: Mexican Drug Cartels Threaten Mexican Democracy – Leading Politician Assassinated – Obama’s Inaction Threatens American Security

UPDATE: Review of Judge Bolton’s Decision begins here: The Immigration Debate: The Arizona Law – Judge Bolton’s Decision (Part 1) 

Mexico to press ahead with vote despite slaying

By OLGA R. RODRIGUEZ

Associated Press Writer

Rodolfo Torre

Mexican politicians vowed to press on with elections despite the assassination of the leading candidate for governor of a border state, urging frightened citizens to vote and show they are not intimidated by drug cartels threatening the country’s democracy.

Gunmen ambushed Rodolfo Torre’s campaign caravan Monday less than a week before he was expected to win the governor’s race in Tamaulipas, a state torn by a turf battle between two rival drug cartels. Four other people were killed: three of the candidate’s bodyguards and a state lawmaker.

President Felipe Calderon called the attack an attempt by drug gangs to sway Sunday’s elections for governors and mayors in 12 states. He warned that cartels want “to interfere in the decisions of citizens and in electoral processes.”

“Organized crime will never meet its objectives. It will not succeed in shaking our faith in democracy or undermine our confidence in the future of Mexico,” Calderon said in a televised speech.

But the attack emptied streets in Ciudad Victoria, the Tamaulipas state capital where Torre was killed. Heavily armed federal and state police patrolled in caravans. Some parents rushed to pick up their children from schools.

Campaign Caravan Ambushed - 4 Murdered

“I am not going to vote because there is a lot of fear. The tension is very strong,” said Maria Pilar Villegas, a convenience store clerk who said she was on the phone with her sister when she saw the news of the assassination on television. “I got chills when I saw the TV.”

Torre, of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, is the first gubernatorial candidate assassinated in Mexico in recent memory. He is the highest-ranking candidate killed since Luis Donaldo Colosio, also for the PRI, was gunned down while running for president in 1994.

Torre’s death was the biggest setback yet for the elections. Corruption scandals, threats and attacks on politicians have raised fears for months that Mexico’s powerful drug cartels are buying off candidates they support and intimidating those they oppose.

Calderon’s government did not say which gang was suspected in Torre’s assassination or why he would be targeted.

Tamaulipas, which borders Texas, has become a battleground between the Gulf cartel and its former ally, the Zetas gang of hit men.

Drug cartels operate in many countries throughout Latin America, including Colombia, Brazil, Central America, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Mexico, Afghanistan and South Asia. Some cartels are even establishing themselves in U.S. cities like New York, Phoenix, Houston, Atlanta, Los Angeles and San Diego.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_cartel

The Gulf Cartel (Spanish: Cártel del Golfo) is a Mexican drug cartel based in Matamoros, Tamaulipas. The cartel is present in 13 states with important areas of operation in the cities of Nuevo Laredo, Miguel Alemán, Reynosa and Matamoros in the northern state of Tamaulipas; it also has important operations in the states of Nuevo León and in Michoacán. The Gulf Cartel traffics cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine and heroin across the U.S.-Mexico border to major cities in the United States. The group is known for its violent methods and intimidation, and works closely with corrupt law officials and business people in Mexico and the United States.

Aside from earning money from the sales of narcotics, the cartel also imposes “taxes” on anyone passing narcotics or aliens through Gulf Cartel territory. The cartel is also known to operate protection rackets, extorting money from local businesses, and to kidnap for ransom money.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_Cartel

 Los Zetas is a criminal organization in Mexico dedicated mostly to international illegal drug trade and other organized crime activities. This drug cartel was founded by an elite force of assassins from Mexican Army deserters and is now integrated by corrupt ex-federal, state, and local police officers, as well as ex-Kaibiles from Guatemala.

This group of highly trained gunmen was first hired as a private mercenary army for Mexico’s Gulf Cartel. Since the arrest of the Gulf Cartel’s leader, Osiel Cárdenas Guillen, as well as other events, the two entities became a combined trafficking force, with the Zetas taking a more active leadership role in drug trafficking. Since February 2010 Los Zetas have gone independent and became enemies of its former employer/partner, the Gulf Cartel.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Zetas

Mutilated Corpses - Mexican Drug War

The Juárez Cartel (Spanish: Cártel de Juárez), also known as the Vicente Carrillo Fuentes Organization, is a Mexican drug cartel based in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico, across the border from El Paso, Texas. The Juárez Cartel controls one of the primary transportation routes for billions of dollars worth of illegal drug shipments annually entering the United States from Mexico. Drug lords from contiguous Mexican states have forged alliances in recent years creating a cartel that sometimes is referred to as ‘The Golden Triangle Alliance’ or ‘La Alianza Triángulo de Oro’ because of its three-state area of influence: Chihuahua, south of the U.S. state of Texas, Durango and Sinaloa. The Juarez Cartel is a ruthless, dangerous drug trafficking organization that has been known to decapitate their rivals and mutilate their corpses and dump them in public to instill fear not only to the general public but to local law enforcement and their rivals, the Sinaloa Cartel.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ju%C3%A1rez_Cartel

 Gangs have staged bold attacks on security forces, ambushing military patrols and setting up blockades near army garrisons.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_Drug_War

Last month, gunmen killed Jose Guajardo Varela, a candidate for mayor of the Tamaulipas town of Valle Hermoso. Guajardo, of

Mexican States With Highest Violent Cartel Activity In Red

Calderon’s National Action Party, or PAN, had received warnings to drop his campaign.

Leaders of the PAN and the leftist Democratic Revolution Party, or PRD, had said they could not find anyone to run for mayor in some towns in Tamaulipas because of drug gang intimidation. PAN and PRD leaders have insinuated that the PRI has ties to drug gangs in the state, noting that the party has had no trouble fielding candidates in towns where other politicians are too scared to run.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Mexican_Drug_War

Proximity to Arizona Border & Phoenix

The PRI, which has long governed Tamaulipas, has dismissed such talk as tired campaign tactics.

Tamaulipas Gov. Eugenio Hernandez said he didn’t know of any threats against Torre, a doctor who had served as the state’s health secretary. Hernandez said Torre didn’t express any fear when the two met Sunday to watch the World Cup game between Mexico and Argentina.

“We couldn’t see this attack coming at all,” Hernandez said in an interview with Milenio television.

Torre, 46, was heading from Ciudad Victoria to the border city of Matamoros to accompany the PRI’s mayoral candidates in the closing of their campaigns Monday.

SEE: Mexican Drug Cartel Violence: Mexican Marines arrest presumed leader of Beltran Leyva Cartel – Sergio Villarreal Barragan taken into custody

Jorge Luis Navarro, president of the Tamaulipas state election institute, said the vote would go forward.

PRI national leader Beatriz Paredes urged supporters to go the polls. “Nothing is going to intimidate us,” she said in a statement. There was no announcement on who the PRI candidate would be.

The PAN and the PRD said they would suspend campaigning by their own gubernatorial candidates in Tamaulipas.

Elsewhere in Mexico, campaigning continued, with candidates urging voters not to fear assassination.

“They are not going to intimidate us. We are going to continue until Sunday with the same intensity,” said Jose Francisco Olvera, the PRI candidate for the central state of Hidalgo.

The PRI, which ruled Mexico for 71 years until losing the presidency in 2000, is hoping that a strong showing in Sunday’s elections will put it on the path to regain the presidency in 2012.

Polls had indicated that Torre would easily win the election in Tamaulipas.

The conservative PAN has formed uncomfortable alliances with the PRD to oust the PRI from several states, though not in Tamaulipas.

That alliance, however, was sorely tested by the worst corruption scandal of the election.

Cancun mayor Gregorio Sanchez, of the PRD, was arrested last month for allegedly protecting two brutal drug cartels, forcing him to drop his campaign for governor of Quintana Roo state. His leftist party has dismissed the allegations as a political ploy by Calderon’s government.

"DEAD HANDS", vicitms executed with hands tied behind their backs

Drug gang violence has rocketed since Calderon deployed thousands of troops and federal police across the country in 2006 to wage an all-out battle against cartels. Some 23,000 people have been killed in drug-related violence.

George Grayson, a Mexico expert at the College of William & Mary in Virginia, said Torre’s assassination would keep many voters home, but he expected the situation would only benefit the PRI.

“The … climate of fear will dampen voter turnout on Sunday, which will help the PRI because they have the best political machine,” he said.

Gregorio Linares, a waiter an at upscale restaurant where Torre and other politicians were frequent customers, said the city was growing accustomed to violence. Two months earlier, a shootout between soldiers and gunmen had erupted near the restaurant. But he said Torre’s death would only encourage him to vote for the PRI’s new candidate.

“It’s our duty,” he said.

Read more: http://www.kansascity.com/2010/06/28/2049782/report-governor-candidate-killed.html#ixzz0sErnUnQ0

 U.S. death toll and national security

U.S. authorities are reporting a spike in killings, kidnappings and home invasions connected to Mexico’s cartels, and at least 19 Americans were killed in 2008. Also, more than 200 Americans have been killed in Mexico since 2004.

For the U.S. Joint Forces Command, in terms of worst-case scenarios, Mexico bears some consideration for sudden collapse in the next two decades as the government, its politicians, police, and judicial infrastructure are all under sustained assault and pressure by criminal gangs and drug cartels. The Joint Forces Command are concerned that this internal conflict over the next several years, will have a major impact on the stability of the Mexican state, and therefore would demand an American response based on the implications for homeland security alone. In March 2009, the United States Department of Homeland Security said that it is considering using the National Guard to counter the threat of drug violence in Mexico from spilling over the border into the US. The governors of Arizona and Texas have asked the federal government to send additional National Guard troops to help those already there supporting local law enforcement efforts against drug trafficking. The call for National Guard on the border greatly increased after the 2010 murder of Arizona rancher Robert Krentz, possibly at the hands of Mexican drug smugglers.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_Drug_War

McAuley’s World Comments

Bribery, extortion, threats of violence, corrupt or fearful politicians and police. They exist on both sides of the border.

President Obama is willing to sacrifice the security of the United States in his attempt to bolster his ratings and garner votes in November’s elections.

13 Men Executed By Cartel - San Ignacio in the pacific state of Sinaloa

The Arizona Law is not “about” racial profiling, the law is a law enforcement tool in a “life and death” struggle against the world’s largest and best armed criminal enterprises.

How dare the Obama Administration continue to play the race card?

With the Obama Administration’s policies and the Federal Government’s willingness to allow “Sanctuary Cities” to exist, the men who murdered Rodolfo Torre could well be hiding safely, today, in Phoenix or San Francisco or Los Angeles.

How dare anyone pretend that Arizona’s Law is being designed to harass and demean Hispanics in Arizona. The Law confirms that the standard law enforcement tool, granting Law Enforcement Officers the right to ask suspects to identify themselves and prove who they are, is a basic necessity in the war against the Mexican cartels.

The law’s detractors pretend that Law Enforcement personal have been waiting for just such a law, waiting for a law like this so they can “harass individuals out for ice cream with their families”.

Have you no shame? Is your head in the sand? Don’t you read the reports produced by your own Federal Agencies?

FBI: Burgeoning gangs behind up to 80% of U.S. crime: Criminal gangs in the USA have swelled to an estimated 1 million members

Human Trafficking Victims - Rescued after routine traffic stop

 responsible for up to 80% of crimes in communities across the nation, according to a gang threat assessment compiled by federal officials. http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2009-01-29-ms13_N.htm

MS-13 gang seen as growing threat: By DAVID McLEMORE / The Dallas Morning News 
PHARR, Texas – Shortly after midnight in late September, a Texas National Guard soldier with night-vision equipment spied four figures slipping through the brush and alerted Border Patrol agents. The men were arrested, and one in particular stood out for the extensive tattoos across his face, body and arms.A fingerprint check showed Santos Chileno-Gomez, a 23-year-old Salvadoran, had been deported for an assault on a Long Island, N.Y., police officer. His lengthy criminal record – and the tattoos – labeled him as a member of Mara Salvatrucha 13, a vicious international street gang that federal authorities call one of the most violent in the U.S. http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/dn/latestnews/stories/102906dntexMS13.2e3e193.html

CRS Report for Congress MS-13 The Emerging Transnational Gang Threats http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/94863.pdf

Remarks As Prepared For Delivery By Deputy Attorney General David W. Ogden At The Ceremony For The Phoenix OCDETF Strike Force: http://www.atf.gov/press/releases/2009/09/093009-speech-doj-ogden-remarks-multi-agency-arrests.html

Directors Remarks at The SouthWest Border Violent Crimes and Arms Trafficking Summit: http://www.atf.gov/press/releases/2009/06/063009-speech-atf-ad-melson-remarks-firearms-summit.pdf

http://www.opposingviews.com/i/ms-13-gang-leader-gets-60-years-for-murder-and-robbery

http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2009/March/09-crm-260.html

http://www.gsnmagazine.com/article/20019/ms_13_gang_members_convicted

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09708.pdf

http://washingtondc.fbi.gov/dojpressrel/pressrel10/wfo052110.htm

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d10395.pdf

http://www.yesweekly.com/article-821-scuttlebutt-developments-across-the-triad-and-beyond.html

GANGS AND CRIME IN LATIN AMERICA: Federal Document Clearing House Congressional Testimony : April 20, 2005 Wednesday: CAPITOL HILL HEARING TESTIMONY
COMMITTEE: HOUSE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

TESTIMONY-BY: CHRIS SWECKER, ASSISTANT DIRECTOR – FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION

Statement of Chris Swecker Assistant Director – Criminal Investigative Division Federal Bureau of Investigation

Committee on House International Relations Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere

April 20, 2005

Luis Donaldo Colosio - Mexican Presidential Candidate - Assassinated 1994

Good afternoon, Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee. I appreciate the opportunity to testify before you today about the FBI’s efforts to combat gangs in the United States, including Latin American or Hispanic gangs, such as MS-13.

Gangs and other criminal enterprises, operating in the U.S. and throughout the world pose increasing concerns for the international law enforcement and intelligence communities. Today, gangs are more violent, more organized and more widespread than ever before. They pose one of the greatest threats to the safety and security of all Americans. The Department of Justice estimates there are approximately 30,000 gangs, with 800,000 members, impacting 2,500 communities across the U.S. The innocent people in these communities face daily exposure to violence from criminal gangs trafficking in drugs and weapons and gangs fighting amongst themselves to control or extend their turf and their various criminal enterprises.

Gangs from California, particularly in the Los Angeles area, have a major influence on Mexican-Americans and Central American gangs in this country and in Latin America. Hispanic gangs in California have separated into two rival factions, the Nortenos, which are primarily found in Northern California, and the Surenos, found to the south and predominantly in the urban areas surrounding Los Angeles. A rivalry exists between these factions, which had its genesis in the California Department of Corrections during the 1960’s, when the Nuestra Familia (Nortenos) prison gang formed to oppose the Mexican Mafia (Surenos) prison gang. Today, the Mexican Mafia, and other Hispanic prison gangs, such as the La EME in southern California, the Texas Syndicate (T/S, Syndicato Tejano), and the Mexikanemi (EMI, Texas Mexican Mafia) remain powerful both in prison and on the street. and most Hispanic gangs in California align themselves under the Nortenos or the Surenos. Hispanic gangs aligned under the Nortenos will generally add the number 14 after their gang name, while gangs aligned under the Surenos will generally add the number 1 3 ( i.e., MS-13).

The migration of MS-13 members and other Hispanic street gang members, such as 18th Street, from Southern California, to other regions of this country, has led to a rapid proliferation of these gangs in many smaller, suburban and rural areas not accustomed to gang activity and related crimes. Additionally, the deportation of MS-13 and 18th Street gang members from the United States to their countries of origin is partially responsible for the growth of those gangs in El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala. and Mexico, although the precise of this responsibility is unknown…..

STATS

–Arrest – 41,747

–Information/Indictments – 19,560

–Convictions – 19,166

–Disruptions – 846

–Dismantlements – 253

–Title Ills – 1,460

–Undercover Operations – 109

http://www.opensourcesinfo.org/journal/2005/5/3/gangs-and-crime-in-latin-america.html

CENTRAL AMERICAN AND MEXICAN GANG ASSESSMENT: USAID http://www.usaid.gov/locations/latin_america_caribbean/democracy/gangs_assessment.pdf

PRESIDENT OBAMA – When you let ICE refuse to process referrals from Arizona – this is what you are disrupting:

Mr. Morton this is what you are refusing to do ….. refusing to cooperate with this program.

Taking Back the Streets: ICE and Local Law Enforcement Target Immigrant Gangs

3 U.S. Embassy Workers Ambushed & Murdered - Ciudad Juarez

Center for Immigration Studies

Immigration law enforcement has been a key ingredient contributing to the success of criminal gang suppression efforts in many jurisdictions across the United States. Since 2005, the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has arrested more than 8,000 gangsters from more than 700 different gangs as part of a special initiative known as Operation Community Shield. This effort has produced incalculable public safety benefits for American communities, despite being criticized periodically by immigrant and civil liberties advocates that are consistently opposed to all immigration law enforcement.

Local governments and law enforcement agencies that shun involvement in immigration law enforcement are missing an opportunity to protect their communities from criminal immigrant gang activity. Policymakers should take further steps to institutionalize partnerships between state and local law enforcement agencies and ICE in order to address gang and other crime problems with a connection to immigration.

Debris Left Behind - Cartel Controlled "Coyote Route"

Immigrant gangs: 1). are considered a unique public safety threat due to their members’ propensity for violence and their involvement in transnational crime. The latest national gang threat assessment noted that Hispanic gang membership has been growing, especially in the Northeast and the South, and that areas with new immigrant populations are especially vulnerable to gang activity. 2). A large share of the immigrant gangsters in the most notorious gangs such as Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13), Surenos-13, and 18th Street are illegal aliens. Their illegal status means they are especially vulnerable to law enforcement, and local authorities should take advantage of the immigration tools available in order to disrupt criminal gang activity, remove gang members from American communities, and deter their return. Once explained, these measures find much support, especially in immigrant communities where gang crime is rampant.

http://cis.org/ImmigrantGangs

El Paso’s Barrio Azteca Gang One Of The Most Dangerous In Nation

by Michael Webster: Investigative Reporter: Feb 7, 2008 9:00 PM MST

Mexican Troops Move To Arrest Cartel Killers Near U.S. Border

El Paso’s Barrio Azteca gang are some of the most dangerous in the country even though, Javier Sambrano, El Paso police spokesman, said “There have been some people arrested. They are associated or members of that MS-13 but we really haven’t seen any activity”. But according to other El Paso law enforcement there are gangs in El Paso including MS-13 members.

“They are very active they have over 2,000 members according to the El Paso police department,” Rodriguez said.

Rodriguez believes the Azteca’s are attracted to El Paso because of the accessibility to drugs from Mexico, and he said members tend to be active drug dealers.

Federal authorities point to the Mexican drug cartels who are ultimately responsible for border violence by having cemented ties to

Federal Troops Respond After Cartels Kill 12 Federal Police Officers

 street and prison gangs like Barrio Azteca on the U.S. side. Azteca and other U.S. gangs retail drugs that they get from Mexican cartels and Mexican gangs. Mexican gangs run their own distribution networks in the United States, and they produce most of the methamphetamine used north of the border. They have even bypassed the Colombians several times to buy cocaine directly from producers in Bolivia, Peru and even Afghanistan. These same gangs often work as cartel surrogates or enforcers on the U.S. side of the border. Intelligence suggests Los Zetas They’re known as “Los Zetas have hired members of various gangs at different times including, El Paso gang Barrio Azteca, Mexican Mafia, Texas Syndicate, MS-13, and Hermanos Pistoleros Latinos to further their criminal endeavors. Dangerous Mexican Cartel Gangs

http://www.lagunajournal.com/el_paso%20Gangs%20Most%20Dangours.htm

Public corruption, greed, fear …… follow the money in your community. Identify those at fault, those who are willing to turn a blind eye or to work fore these criminal enterprises ……. vote them out of office and insist on their prosecution.

Mexican Army Called Out To Fight Cartels

Also See: Mexican Drug Cartel “Army” 100,000 Strong. Parity Reached With Mexico’s 130,000 Man Army

                   Why America needs To Have Secure Borders & Voter ID Laws – Stop Human & Drug Trafficking Across Our Borders

                   Why The US Needs To Secure Its Borders: Organized crime takes control in parts of Mexico

                   Illegal Immigration & Dynamics of Prostitution and Sex Trafficking from Latin America

                   SEX TRAFFICKING – San Francisco Major Center – International Crime Networks Smuggle And Enslave

                  Illegal Immigration & Sex Trafficking – Who Is At Risk?

Mexican Federal Police arrest 5 in drug rehab executions

Cartel Killers - Arrested after "routine traffic stop"

CIUDAD JUAREZ, Mexico — Police have arrested five men accused of dozens of murders, including two mass killings at drug treatment centers in this northern Mexico border city.

Police say the men were members of the Sinaloa cartel, a violent gang entrenched in a brutal turf war for control of drug routes to the United States.

The men are accused of 45 different executions in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico’s most violent city. They were arrested by law enforcement agents during a routine street patrol, according to a statement released Friday by federal police.

Shooting Leaves Three U.S. Embassy Employees Dead in Mexico

These represent the latest deaths in the cartel drug wars, which Mexico is fighting with little success.

(CIUDAD JUAREZ / SALEM) – A shooting at the American embassy left two American citizens dead, as well as a Mexican national. All worked at the U.S. Consulate.

The shooting happened Saturday afternoon, near the Santa Fe International bridge. This is the connection between Ciudad Juarez,  Chihuahua, Mexico, and El Paso, Texas.

The driver, 35-year old Lesley A. Enriquez, was shot in the head. Her husband, 34-year old Arthur H. Redelfs, was shot in the neck and arm. The couple’s one-year old baby, in the back seat of the vehicle, was not harmed in the shooting.

http://wcco.com/national/Americans.Killed.Mexico.2.1561543.html

UPDATE:

Mexico offers armored cars, security details for candidates after candidate killed

MEXICO CITY

MEXICO CITY (AP) — Mexico is offering to provide candidates with bulletproof vehicles and bodyguards following the assassination of a politician running for governor in the northern state of Tamaulipas.

Assistant Interior Secretary Roberto Gil says the government decided to tighten security for gubernatorial candidates and some mayoral contenders after gunmen killed Rodolfo Torre and four of his companions.

Gil says the increased security has been given to those politicians who asked for it, after a government review.

He said Thursday that few such requests have been received.

Voters will elect the governors of 12 of Mexico’s 31 states on Sunday.

http://www.foxnews.com/world/2010/07/01/mexico-offers-armored-cars-security-details-candidates-candidate-killed/

Review of Judge Bolton’s Decision: The Immigration Debate: The Arizona Law – Judge Bolton’s Decision (Part 1) 

A comprehensive review and analysis of Judge Bolton’s erroneous decision.

Read why the Judge was wrong – compare “Congressional intent” with the Judge’s reasoning.

With these PDF documents:

Bolton’s Decision

DOJ Memo 04/02/2010

Links to:

DOJ Complaint

Arizona Law

The actual Immigration Statutes that should have “controlled” the Judge’s decision.

Official Web Sites of: DOJ / DHS / LESC / NSEERS / FBI

What does Congress “mandate” be done and by whom?

 https://mcauleysworld.wordpress.com/2010/07/30/the-immigration-debate-the-arizona-law-judge-boltons-decision-part-1/

The Massacre of Roldolfo Torre

Also See: Mexican Police Help Murder Their Own Mayor – Edelmiro Cavazos, Santiago, Mexico  (08/20/2010)

Following the latest slaying, President Calderon said that “Mexico’s very democracy is under threat”.

The Immigration Debate: A Video History – Broken Borders & Human Trafficking

“Obama Renews Calls For Comprehensive Immigration Reform”, “President Barack Obama Friday renewed his calls to reform what he called America’s broken immigration system”.  http://www.rttnews.com/Content/Policy.aspx?Id=1279544&SM=1

Comprehensive Reform? What, we need to “reform” again? The “system is broken? I think not. The problem, according to American People, is that you, Mr. President, are failing to enforce our existing laws.

Is Comprehensive Immigration Reform Needed Again?

Oh, really! We need to “Reform” again. When a liberal Democrat says “Reform” what he means is “increase immigration quotas”, to allow additional numbers of immigrants to enter the Country.

When a Democrat says “Reform” the word you should hear is amnesty. As in amnesty for the illegals who are currently residing illegally within our borders.

Well, Mr. President, we have tried that path and history clearly shows that the “amnesty” path does not work. We have tried that “path” and it failed.

BRIEF HISTORY OF US IMMIGRATION LAWS

The United States adopted its Constitution in 1789. The United States granted citizenship to immigrants for the first time in 1790.

In 1798 Congress authorized the President to expel “dangerous” aliens in the Alien Friends Act and the Alien Enemies Act.

The Naturalization Act of 1802 expanded the provisions of the 1795 law and created a “five-year legal residency requirement” prior to granting an immigrant citizenship. Then in 1808, Congress enacted a law forbidding the importation of slaves.

No official immigration records were kept until 1820, but it is estimated that 250,000 immigrants, 1/4 of a million people, arrived in the United States between 1790 and 1820 – the 1st 30 years of the Constitutionally governed United States. It is estimateed that an additional 10 million immigrants came to American between 1820 and 1875 when the US passed its first “restrictive” immigration law.

The first ”restrictive immigration law” in 1875 excluded ”convicts” and “prostitutes”, the 1st classes of individuals to be denied “lawful entry” into the United States. Those same “class” restrictions continue to this day. 

In 1918 Congress passed the “Anarchist Exclusion Act”. An anarchist is  ”a person who promotes disorder or excites revolt against any established rule, law, or custom.”. The Act of 1918 did not only deny admission to the United States but also provided a basis to deport “anarchists” out of the Country.

The Act specifically identified the following people

            (a) aliens who are anarchists;

(b) aliens who advise, advocate, or teach, or who are members of, or affiliated with, any organization, society, or group, that advises, advocates, or teaches opposition to all organized government;
(c) aliens who believe in, advise, advocate, or teach, or who are members of, or affiliated with, any organization, association, society, or group, that believes in, advises, advocates, or teaches:

(1) the overthrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States or of all forms of law, or
(2) the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers, either of specific individuals or of officers generally, of the Government of the United States or of any other organized government, because of his or their official character, or
(3) the unlawful damage, injury, or destruction of property, or
(4) sabotage;
(d) aliens who write, publish, or cause to be written or published, or who knowingly circulate, distribute, print, or display, or knowingly cause to be circulated, distributed, printed, or displayed, or knowingly have in their possession for the purpose of circulation, distribution, publication, or display any written or printed matter, advising, advocating, or teaching opposition to all government, or advising, advocating, or teaching:

(1) the ovethrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States or of all forms of law, or
(2) the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers of the Government of the United States or of any other government, or
(3) the unlawful damage, injury, or destruction of property, or
(4) sabotage;
(e) aliens who are members of, or affiliated with, any organization, association, society, or group, that writes, circulates, distributes, prints, publishes, or displays, or causes to be written, circulated, distributed, printed, published, or displayed, or that has in its possession for the purpose of circulation, distribution, publication, or display, any written or printed matter of the character in subdivision (d).  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anarchist_Exclusion_Act

Limits on Immigration- Immigration Quotas – The 1920′s

In the 1920′s Congress implemented the first numerical controls on immigration. Enacted first, as a temporary measure, the 1921 Quota Law marked a major shift in the U.S. approach to immigration control. The law limited immigration from each foreign nation to 3% of the number of foreign-born persons of that nationality residing in the U.S. as of the 1910 census.

The total quota for the Country was 357,000 new immigrants per year.

In 1924, Congress further restricted immigration by reducing the immigration quota from 3% of foreign-born persons under the 1910 census to 2% of the foreign-born under the 1890 census. This change cut the total quota of new immigrants per year to 164,667.

During the 1930′s and the “Great Depression” more people emigrated out of (left) the United States than “immigrated” into the Country. In the entire decade of the 1930′s only 500,000 ( 1/2 million) immigrants entered the United States. In the year 1932 only 35,000 (thirty five thousand) immigrants entered the country while 100,000 (one hundred thousand) left or emigrated out of the country.

In the 1940′s the United States negotoated the first of its “temporary worker” programs with Mexico. 

In a 1948  response to problems created by the devastation of Europe in World War II and the Nazi Holocaust, Congress adopted the Displaced Persons Act that allowed for the admission into the U.S. of some 400,000 non-citizens.

A Brief History of 20th Century Immigration Law Reform 

THE 1952 ACT

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (INA) consolidated previous immigration laws into one coordinated statute. As amended, the 1952 Act provided the foundation for immigration law in effect today.

The 1952 Act retained the national origins quota and established a 150,000 person limit.

Within the quota system, four types of entrance preferences were established. First preference was given to those entrants with skills or experience needed by the U.S. economy. Those persons with close family relations to U.S. citizens or permanent residents received lower preferences.

It should be noted that spouses, children, and parents of U.S. citizens were not and are still not subject to the quota or preference system. For that reason, they are called “immediate relatives.”

Following the passage of the 1952 law a large increase in apprehensions of deportable non-citizens occurred. The Border Patrol, numbering just about 1,000 strong, apprehended 800,000 deportable non-citizens in 1952; in 1954, that number increased to one million.

THE 1965 AMENDMENTS

The 1965 amendments replaced the national origins formula with a limit of 20,000 on each country in the Eastern Hemisphere and an overall limit of 170,000 for that hemisphere. The law established a quota of 120,000 for the Western Hemisphere, without preferences or country limits to take effect in 1968. ( A total of 290,000 new “legal immigrants” were to be allowed per year).

The 1965 amendments abolished the old four-preference system and established in its place a seven-preference system for close relatives and those immigrants with needed occupational skills from the Eastern Hemisphere.

Spouses of U.S. citizens were permitted to immigrate without reference to the quota or preference system.

Under the preference system, unmarried adult children of U.S. citizens received highest preference; second preference was granted to spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents. The preference for immigrants of “exceptional ability” and those in “the professions” was changed from first to third. Other relatives of citizens and permanent residents received the fourth and fifth preferences. Sixth preference was given to needed workers. Seventh preference was allocated to refugees.

THE 1976 AMENDMENT

The 1976 amendment applied the Eastern Hemisphere preference system to the Western Hemisphere, both hemispheres were subject to the 20,000 per country limit and the seven preference system.

THE 1978 AMENDMENT

The 1978 amendment established a world-wide quota of 290,000 and applied the same per country limits and seven preference system to both hemispheres. This worldwide ceiling eliminated the hemisphere consideration and allowed visas to go where the need was greatest.

Illegal Immigration in the 1970′s

The number of deportable non-citizens, which fell in the 1950s, climbed rapidly in the 1960s and 1970s, as did the number of total entries. In 1972, one half million deportable non-citizens were apprehended. By 1977, that annual figure had doubled. The Border Patrol had grown to a force of 2,400.

The Immigration Service estimated that, between undetected border crossings and violations of legal entry conditions, millions of undocumented non-citizens were living in the U.S. in 1974. In 1979 the Border Patrol apprehended one million deportable non-citizens. That year, the INS employed almost 11,000 personnel and had a 300 million dollar budget.

THE 1980 REFUGEE ACT

The Carter Administration asked for special legislation to deal with the issue of the “”Mariel Boat Lift” that delivered 100,000′s of Cubans to the shores of Florida. It later became evident that Fidel Castro, the Communist dictator in Cuba, had emptied his prisons and placed untold number of Cuban criminal felons on the boats with the non-criminal Cubans seeking asylum in the United States. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariel_boatlift . The boat lift began on April 1, 1980 and ended in October 1980.

Estimates vary on how many of the incoming immigrants were “undesirables” or former felons. The low estimate placed the number at 7,500 with a high estimate of 40,000 convicted felons. Congress adopted an official estimate of 12,500. Approximately 2700 of the immigrants were denied entry due to their criminal past.

The “boat lift” was depicted in the movie “Scarface”.

THE 1986 IMMIGRATION REFORM AND CONTROL ACT (IRCA) 

In 1980 the United States Census Bureau counted 2,047,000 undocumented non-citizens in the country. Based on the Bureau of Census experience in miscounting other segments of the population, the Bureau had estimated that there were 5,965,000 undocumented persons in the country on census day April 1, 1980. 

The 1986 the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) dealt with the major problem of undocumented workers by imposing sanctions on employers while it legalized the status (provided amnesty) of undocumented entrants who had arrived prior to January 1, 1982.

In exchange for the increased enforcement provisions of IRCA, Congress offered a broad amnesty for many undocumented non-citizens already present in the country.

Non-citizens who met these requirements and filed an application between May 5, 1987, and May 4, 1988, were granted temporary residence. After 18 months of temporary residence, the non-citizens had one year in which to apply for adjustment to permanent resident status or they would become undocumented once again.

Response to the amnesty program was less enthusiastic than expected. The INS originally estimated that between two and four million applications would be filed by the almost 5.5 million illegals estimated to be in the Country, but when the program ended, only 1.4 million people had applied for amnesty.

A proposal to extend the application deadline passed the House of Representatives but died in the Senate, due to fears that an extension would send the message that the U.S. could not enforce its immigration laws. The program thus ended as planned on May 4, 1988.

Another concern in adopting IRCA was the potential adverse financial impact on the states. For this reason, IRCA included extensive provisions disqualifying newly legalized non-citizens (except Cuban/Haitian entrants) from receiving most federal public welfare assistance for five years.

THE IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1990

In 1990, Congress passed a series of amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act, collectively referred to as the Immigration Act of 1990 (“1990 Act” also known as “IMMACT 90″).

The most visible feature of IMMACT 90 was the increase by approximately 35% in the numerical limitation system, or overall immigration allowed. IMMACT 90 established an annual limit for worldwide immigration of 700,000 for three years, after which it decreased to 675,000. Because other provisions of the 1990 Act allowed immigration of groups not counted in the 700,000, and a separate law permitted as many as 125,000 refugees to be legally admitted, the actual worldwide immigration limit was closer to 900,000.

This number represented a nearly 300% increase over the 290,000 immigrants allowed in 1978. 

The 1990 Act increased the allocation for both family-related and employee-related immigration. In addition, the new law created a separate basis by which “diversity” immigrants, that is, nationals of countries with relatively low numbers of immigrants since 1965, could gain entry.

Of the first 700,000 annual allotment, 465,000 visas were made available to family-sponsored immigrants, 140,000 for employment-based immigrants, and 55,000 for diversity immigrants.

Beginning October 1, 1991, all family-sponsored immigration was limited to approximately 480,000 annually for two years, after which the yearly limit dropped to 465,000. The relatively large percentage of the overall limit allocated to family-related immigration reflected the continued commitment to family unity as a primary goal of immigration policy.

There is still no limit on immigration by immediate relatives.

The 1990 Act did guarantee admission of at least 226,000 other relatives of U.S. citizens and permanent residents, an increase of approximately 65,000 over the former quota, set just 4 years previously in 1986.

THE ACTS OF 1996 (AEDPA and IIRIRA)

Three new immigration acts were signed by President Bill Clinton in 1996.

The first of these acts was the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA), which became law on April 24, 1996.

The second was the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (Welfare Reform Act), which became law on August 22, 1996. The changes made by the Welform Reform Act were part of a comprehensive reform of the American Welfare System and were not reforms solely made to target immigrants or illegal immigrants.

The third was the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA), which became law on September 30, 1996. The AEDPA and IIRIRA increased the number of criminal acts for which a non-citizen could be removed and eliminated nearly all forms of relief for non-citizens with criminal convictions.

IIRIRA also stiffened the requirement for affidavits of support for immigrants entering on the basis of their relationship to U.S. citizens or permanent residents. A sponsor must agree in the affidavit to provide support for the immigrant at an annual income that is not less than 125% of the federal poverty standard. Also, the sponsor must reimburse the government if the non-citizen receives means-tested public benefits within ten years of admission, unless he or she has naturalized. IIRIRA also added a ground of removability for any non-citizen who becomes a “public charge” within five years of admission.

Like the affidavit of support requirement, the 1996 Welfare Act reflected Congress’ concern that immigrants were placing an increasing burden on the federal budget. The Welfare Act made most non-citizens, including permanent residents, ineligible for federal benefits such as food stamps and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Immigrants who entered the country after August 22, 1996, were ineligible for all means-tested public benefits for a period of five years. The Welfare Act also authorized the states to deny benefits to certain classes of non-citizens.

In 1998 reinstated federal benefits for most permanent residents who were receiving them before passage of the Act.

SECTION 434 & SECTION 642 of the 1996 ACT

The 1996 law states the following: 

Pursuant to § 434 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA, P.L. 104-193) and § 642 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA, P.L. 104-208) states and localities may not limit their governmental entities or officers from maintaining records regarding a person’s immigration status, or bar the exchange of such information with any federal, state, or local entity.

This language was placed in the “Comprehensive Immigration Reform” of 1996 in repsonse to the creation of ”Sanctuary Cities” and the adoption of “Sanctuary City Statutes” by many U.S. cities.

As the previous parargarphs clearly establish, Immigration Laws and Quotas are the responisbility of the Federal Government, any attempt by State of City Governments to usurp this power from the Federal Government is unconstitutional. A States attempt to enforce a Federal Immigration Law is not unconstitutional. Simply put, while States and Cities don’t create Immigration Law, they are expected to enforce them.

http://www.ilw.com/immigrationdaily/news/2009,1026-crs.pdf

 WHAT IS A SANCTUARY CITY?

The term “Sanctuary City” refers to a city or state that enacts policies which are favorable to illegal immigrants. Specifically, sanctuary cities often mandate local laws which prevent inquiry into a person’s immigration status.

How does one administer the Federal, State and Local criminal laws and civil laws governing the allocation and distribution  of Federal, State and Local Welfare benefits? 

Sanctuary policies are a violation of federal law, such as the section 642(a) of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act, which prohibits the embedding of illegal immigrants, and the March 2005 United States Supreme Court case, Muehler v Mena, which stated that law enforcement has the right to ask about immigration status.

While the laws differ from Commmunity to Community, an example of a “Sanctuary City” ordinance, taken from the city of Tacoma Park, Maryland, follows: 

“Introduced by: Councilmember Seamens First Reading: October 22, 2007:   Second Reading: October 29, 2007

CITY OF TAKOMA PARK, MARYLAND, ORDINANCE NO. 2007-58,

AN ORDINANCE REAFFIRMING AND STRENGTHENING THE CITY OF TAKOMA PARK’S IMMIGRATION SANCTUARY LAW

WHEREAS, in 1985, as an expression of these values, the Takoma Park City Council passed the City of Refuge Ordinance, which prohibits City employees, including police officers, from cooperating with federal immigration authorities in the enforcement of civil and criminal immigration laws and prohibits City employees from requesting or disclosing information regarding the immigration status of individuals.

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF TAKOMA PARK, MARYLAND:

SECTION 1. Title 9, Civil Liberties and Human Relations, Chapter 4, Rights of Non-U.S. Citizens in Takoma Park, of the Takoma Park Code (2004 edition) is amended as follows:  9.04.010 No City enforcement of immigration laws.  A. No agent, officer or employee of the City, in the performance of official duties, shall assist the United States Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement in the investigation or arrest of any persons for civil or criminal violation of the immigration and nationality laws of the United States.

9.04.020 No inquiries into citizenship. No agent, officer or employee of the City, in the performance of official duties, shall ask any person about his or her citizenship or immigration status or inquire about any person’s citizenship or immigration status with any third person. 

No agent, officer or employee of the City, in the performance of official duties, shall release any information regarding the citizenship or residency status of any City resident.immigration status of any individual to any third party.”

http://www.takomaparkmd.gov/clerk/agenda/items/2007/102907-2.pdf

The intent of the Tacoma Park, Maryland statute is obvious, a liberal attempt to usurp the Federal Governements authority to regulate immigration into the United States and to disrupt the co-operation between Federal, State and City Law Enforcement officials while they attempt to enforce the laws of this Country. How does one enforce Federal or State welfare laws that prohibit dispersing benefits to illegal aliens while reserving the benefits for citizens and “legal immigrants” if one cannot make a legal determination of who is in the Country legally and who is here illegally? 

The devastating effect this short sighted, unconstitutional activity could have on the safety of America became all to clear on September 11, 2001.

 THE COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM 09/11/2001

The September 11, 2001, attacks resulted in significant changes in immigration law and policy. Congress passed several acts intended to improve national security, including the USA Patriot Act (115 Stat. 272), the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act (116 Stat. 543), and the Homeland Security Act (116 Stat. 2135). One of the most dramatic consequences of these measures was the elimination of the INS and the transfer of immigration functions to the Department of Homeland Security in 2003. Other provisions of these acts broadened the class of people who can be excluded or removed for terrorist activity, mandated increased screening of applicants for admission, and called for new data systems to track non-citizens in the U.S.

ATTEMPTED IMMIGRATION REFORM OF 2007

U.S. House Passes Drake Amendment to Eradicate Sanctuary Cities. Amendment withholds federal funding for localities that violate Section 642(a) of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act

July 25, 2007

Washington D.C. — The U.S. House of Representatives today passed an amendment by Representative Thelma Drake (R-Va.) to H.R. 2638, the Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2008.  Passing by a voice vote, Rep. Drake’s amendment aims to eliminate what are commonly referred to as “sanctuary policies” in local municipalities, whereby law enforcement officials are barred from asking suspects about their immigration status or reporting them to Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE).  The amendment will ensure that existing law is enforced uniformly across the country by withholding federal funding for cities that choose to violate section 642(a) of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA).

“Although predominately a federal issue, we have all witnessed how the epidemic of illegal immigration can impact members of a local community,” said Rep. Drake.  “Solving this problem is going to require the commitment from all levels of government to engage in an active partnership.

“Sanctuary cities undermine these partnerships by willfully and selectively choosing to disregard federal laws that are already on the books.  Most Americans agree that if you want to get serious about addressing our nation’s failed immigration system, enforcing existing laws is a good place to start.

“This amendment says that when Congress took steps to eradicate sanctuary policies back in the Nineties, we meant it.  I am committed to ensuring that this language remains in the legislation and is signed into law by the President.”

Under section 642(a) of IIRIRA, a “Federal, State, or local government entity or official may not prohibit, or in any way restrict, any government entity or official from sending to, or receiving from, the Immigration and Naturalization Service information regarding the citizenship or immigration status, lawful or unlawful, of any individual.”

http://www.house.gov/apps/list/press/ca50_bilbray/morenews/drakeamend.shtml

The Democratically controlled U.S. Senate blocked a vote on the Drake Amendment in 2007 & 2008.

THE ARIZONA LAW 2009

See: https://mcauleysworld.wordpress.com/2010/05/05/the-immigration-debate-arizonas-law-facts-from-fiction-are-you-tired-of-being-lied-to/

The State of Arizona passed Arizona House Bill 2162 and it was signed into law on April 26, 2010. http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/49leg/2r/bills/hb2162c.htm

On the day the law was signed into effect Arizona has at least 4 ”Sanctuary Cities” violating the Federal Law; Phoenix, Tuscon, Chandler and Mesa. 

Section 3 of the Arizona is titled; “Cooperation and assistance in enforcement of immigration laws.”

Section 3 of the Arizona Law mandates that all State, Local and City Employees enforce both Federal and State laws regarding criminal acts committed by illegal aliens. The law mandates that the laws be enforced “concurrently” by all Federal, State and Local law enforcement officials.

Section 3 does not permit law enforcement officials to stop and ask anyone for their ID. No one!

Section 3 does require that once law enforcement officials have “stoppped, detained or arrested” an individual and are “conducting a criminal investigation”, the suspect will be asked for identification.

All indivuals who find themselves the subject of an investigation will be asked for their ID.

PRESUMPTION OF LAWFUL CITIZENSHIP UNDER THE ARIZONA LAW

Any individual who can produce one of the following pieces of identification is presumed to be a “lawful citizen of the United States”:  1).  A valid Arizona driver license. 2).  A valid Arizona nonoperating identification license. 3).  A valid tribal enrollment card or other form of tribal identification.  4).  If the entity requires proof of legal presence in the United States before issuance, any valid United States federal, state or local government issued identification.

Section 3 also provides, “A law enforcement official or agency may not consider race, color or national origin in implementing the requirements of this subsection except to the extent permitted by the United States or Arizona Constitution”.

FEDERAL DETERMINATION OF CITIZENSHIP STATUS UNDER THE ARIZONA LAW

If some one is “stopped, detained or arrested” and cannot produce identification, the law enforcement officals are instructed to continue their investigation, however, the determination of whether any individual is an “illegal alien” is determined according to Federal Law: “In the implementation of this section, an alien’s immigration status may be determined by: 1.  A law enforcement officer who is authorized by the federal government to verify or ascertain an alien’s immigration status, or 2.  The United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement or the United States Customs and Border Protection Act pursuant to 8 United States Code section 1373(c).”

THE TIP OF THE ICEBERG – SCAAP PAYMENTS – THE HIDDEN COST OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION: 

SCAAP is a payment program administered by OJP, through its component the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), in conjunction with the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) bureau within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).2 SCAAP was authorized by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 to provide federal assistance to states and localities for the costs of incarcerating certain criminal aliens who are in custody based on state or local charges or convictions.3 In fiscal year (FY) 2005, BJA distributed $287.1 million in SCAAP payments to 752 state, county, and local jurisdictions.

The following table displays the 10 jurisdictions that received the largest SCAAP payments from the FY 2005 appropriation. Collectively, they accounted for nearly 69 percent of the SCAAP payments made from that appropriation.

TOP TEN SCAAP RECIPIENTS – FY 2005
State Jurisdiction Amount
California State of California5 $ 85,953,191
New York State of New York 24,022,356
Texas State of Texas 18,582,484
New York City of New York 15,893,255
Florida State of Florida 12,806,110
California Los Angeles County6 12,530,034
Arizona State of Arizona 12,139,791
California Orange County 6,562,437
Illinois State of Illinois 4,731,269
Massachusetts State of Massachusetts 4,728,549
TOTAL $197,949,476
       

 

The program only reimburses states and localities that incur correctional officer salary costs for incarcerating undocumented criminal aliens who: (1) have at least one felony or two misdemeanor convictions for violations of state or local law, and (2) are incarcerated for at least four consecutive days during the established reporting period. Applicants for funding are required to provide correctional officer salary costs, the total of all inmate days, and details about eligible inmates housed in their correctional facilities during that period.

In April 2005, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) issued a report stating that 80 percent of the SCAAP aliens were incarcerated in the five states of Arizona, California, Florida, New York, and Texas in FY 2003.

The total costs for Federal, State and Local detection, apprehension, arrest and incarceration  are in the 100,’s of billions of dollars.

REPEAT OFFENDERS IN THE ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT COMMUNITY

The Department of Homeland Security reported the following to Congress.

Congression asked the Department of Homeland Security to determine how many criminal offenses were committed by criminal aliens who were released from state or local custody without a referral to DHS for removal from the United States.

To address this question, the DHS performed limited testing to determine the number of subsequent arrests of criminal aliens who were released from state or local custody. We based our testing on information from the vetted FY 2004 SCAAP database, which was the last year when ICE reported to BJA on the status of every person identified in support of applications for SCAAP funding. There were 262,105 records in that database. We requested assistance from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to have those records compared to arrest data in the FBI’s National Crime Information Center (NCIC).

After querying NCIC, the FBI provided us with nearly 433,000 text files that could not be searched by automated means. The volume of files was too great to search manually and quantify the results. Consequently, we judgmentally selected a sample of 100 criminal histories, which we reviewed for evidence of arrests of criminal aliens subsequent to June 30, 2003. The criminal histories for 73 of the 100 individuals documented at least one arrest after that date. Those 73 individuals accounted for a total of 429 arrests, with 878 charges and 241 convictions. These figures represent an average of nearly six arrests per individual.

The charges for the 73 individuals ranged from traffic violations and trespassing to more serious crimes, such as burglary or assault. Some of those charges included:

• 166 drug-related;

• 37 immigration-related;

• 213 burglary, robbery, or theft;

• 40 assault;

• 10 property damage;

 • 3 terrorist threat;

and 13 weapons charges.

Based on this limited sample, the DHS could not statistically extrapolate the number of offenses committed by undocumented criminal aliens who were released from local custody without a referral to ICE. Based on the information available to us in the criminal histories, we could not determine the number of the criminal aliens in our sample that were deported, if any, and later arrested after reentering the United States. We also could not determine if ICE was notified before the criminal aliens in our sample were released from custody. But if this data is indicative of the full population of 262,105 criminal histories, the rate at which released criminal aliens are rearrested is extremely high. http://www.justice.gov/oig/reports/OJP/a0707/final.pdf

Today, in 2010, as in every year since the mid 1980′s, the US has allowed at least 1 million (1,000,000) new immigrants to enter this Country. More than 1 million each and every year. Yes, despite our economic down turn, over 1,000,000 immigrants entered this Country as LPRs (Legal Permanent Residents) in 2009. http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/lpr_fr_2009.pdf           

Yes, the exact number, according to the Obama Administration, was 1,130, 818 for the year ending December 2009.

An additional 1,000,000 immigrants were granted the rights of “Naturalized Citizens” in 2009.

http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/natz_fr_2009.pdf

In addition to these numbers, believe it or not, it is estimated that 160 million (160,000,000)  non-immigrant admissions occur on an annual basis. Non-immigrant admission include, ”tourists and business travelers from Canada, Mexican nationals with Border Crossing Cards, ….”.  http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ni_fr_2009.pdf

The United States allows more “legal” immgration every year than all the other Countries in the world  combined.

SUMMARY

The list below summarizes the “Comprehensive Immigration Reforms of the 20th and 21st centuries. After every “Reform” the Federal Government admits increasing numbers of aliens while it fails to secure our borders.

Year     Immigrants Granted Entry

1921     357,000 

1924     164,667   

1932     35,000  

1948    400,000 

1952    150,000 

1965    290,000 

1976    290,000

1978    290,000 

1980   290,000 +  120,000 Cuban refuges                                                                                                                                            

 1986    290,000 + amnesty for 1.4 million. 

1990    800,000 

1996    1,100,000 

2001    1,100,000

U.S immigration quota limits do not include “direct family members” of “naturalized citizens”. A “naturalized citizen” can bring “direct relatives”, defined as the “naturalized citizen’s” mother, father, spouse, brothers, sisters and children, into the coutry as immigrants without having the “direct relative” qualified under the existing immigration quotas. 

SEE: https://mcauleysworld.wordpress.com/2010/05/20/the-immigration-debate-the-arizona-law-its-place-in-the-history-of-american-immigration-laws-the-facts-not-political-spin/

Since 1965 we have implemented 8 ” comprehensive immigration reforms”. Since 1986 we have increased the annual immigration quota from 290,000 to 1,100,000. In the 1980’s we offered “amnesty” to 5.6 million “illegal immigrants” and only 1.4 million accepted the offer. We have not managed to secure our borders even once

One final question: Did any of the Law Enforcement Officers in the videos look like they had the free time to spend their days “profiling” innocent Hispanics taking their families to the local Dairy Queeen? 

Intellectually dishonest and morally bamkrupt! 

Slavery, in the form of human trafficking, is a larger enterprise and more profitable today than at any time in the history of mankind.

We must identify and root out the corrupt Politicians and Public Officials who are benefiting from this modern travesty. This modern day slavery cannot exist without the complicity of the Politicians and Public Officials. We must follow the money trial and identify those taking the “kickbacks” or cash from the smugllers and coyotes, accepting bribes from the brothel owners and operators, assisiting the drug smugglers, selling or renting the drop houses and brothels and turning a blind eye to the drug barons. Trafficking and drug smuggling are two of the most profitable illegal enterprises of our time. They cannot exist and flourish without the help of corrupt politicians and equally corrupt public officials.

How exactly, do we enforce our laws, when you prohibit Law Enforcement from even asking for ID.

Ask yourself why the Politicians are race baiting and then follow the money trail!  

Illegal Immigration & Dynamics of Prostitution and Sex Trafficking from Latin America

INTRODUCTION

Modern human slavery is a growing global phenomenon that currently entraps an estimated 2 million victims, and generates $7 Billion in criminal profits annually, rating third in profitability only after drugs and arms sales for the Mafia, yakuzas, cartels and similar international criminal organizations. The U.S. CIA estimates that approximately 50,000 persons are trafficked into slavery in the United States annually. A large majority of those victims are forced into prostitution. In is estimated that 30,000 sexual slaves die each year around the world from torture, neglect and diseases including HIV/AIDS.

In this paper we focus upon the mass sexual exploitation of girl children and women from Latin America who are kidnapped or who are convinced with false promises of work to voluntarily be transported across international borders into the United States. In either case, upon arrival in the United States victims are threatened and forced to prostitute themselves in a strange land, typically without pay. The U.S. CIA estimates that 15,000 enslaved Latin-Americans are trafficked into the United States each year. This paper elaborates on the cultural background of Latin American trafficking victims and describes Latin America’s growing crisis of impunity in the sexual abuse and exploitation of women and specifically girl children.

As organized sex trafficking expands rapidly across the diverse cultural communities within the United States, an array of public and private institutions are working to understand this problem, quantify it and develop effective responses. These response activities typically involve international, federal and local law enforcement; medical and mental health professionals; religious institutions; academics; social service agencies, immigrant advocacy and other community based organizations; and federal, state and local legislators and policy makers. International and regional agencies and national governments have recently engaged in major collaborations with academics and victim advocates to provide a leadership role in response to this problem. The United Nations, UNICEF, The U.S. State Department, the U.S. Department of Justice, other agencies of the U.S. government, the European Union and the Organization of American states are all actively working on this issue. Together with leading academics and other subject matter experts, these organizations have developed protocols, treaties, legislation, international working groups and major international research studies to define and respond to the growing sex trafficking crisis.

At the local level public safety and trauma professionals are beginning to interact with children and women who have been the victims of domestic and international sex trafficking schemes. This interaction is likely to grow as sex trafficking expands in the United States, and as the American criminal justice system begins to focus increasing law enforcement attention on the problem. The judicial system and trauma practitioners will face an increasing need to develop effective protocols to respond to this victim population. In the context of Latin American sex trafficking victims, the development of culturally appropriate responses are especially important. Language barriers, American/ Latino cultural differences and significant, country and region-specific nuances need to be taken into account in dealing with Latin American girl and women sexual exploitation victims.

Sex trafficking affects hundreds of thousands of women across Latin America. We focus here upon the largest component of the Latin America to U.S. problem, the trafficking of girls and women from Mexico and Central America across the U.S. border, and their subsequent sexual exploitation through forced prostitution in the United States.

The world’s sex trafficking networks, who often cajole women and girls into traveling abroad with false promises of honest service sector work in restaurants, child care, office and home cleaning and hotels.

SEE: http://www.libertadlatina.org/LL_Global_Scope_of__this_Crisis.htm

Why America needs To Have Secure Borders & Voter ID Laws – Stop Human & Drug Trafficking Across Our Borders

Armed men kidnap 27 farmworkers in Mexico

CULIACAN, Mexico – Police hunted Tuesday for 27 farmworkers who were kidnapped in northwestern Mexico by dozens of heavily armed men wearing military-style uniforms.

Assailants roused the farmworkers from bed before dawn Monday at a vegetable farm just outside the Sinaloa state capital of Culiacan, then drove off with the group in a caravan of sport utility vehicles, according to a statement from state Attorney General Alfredo Higuera.

The victims, all men between 16 and 61 years old, made less than $10 per day.

Higuera said the motive in the mass kidnapping was still being investigated. But local news media reported that a drug gang may have kidnapped the men to make them work growing marijuana.

The owner of the vegetable camp has family ties to Vicente Carrillo Fuentes, a suspected leader of the Juarez drug cartel, according to a statement from the office of joint police and military operations in Culiacan.

Also Tuesday, 21 police were arrested in the northern border city of Tijuana on suspicion of working with criminal gangs, said Rommel Moreno, attorney general of Baja California state, where Tijuana is located. Two of the officers were state police and the rest came from municipal ranks, Moreno said.

Moreno declined to release further details of the case to avoid compromising the investigation.

Police corruption is a key impediment to Mexico’s efforts to root out drug gangs and other criminal groups.

More than 4,000 people have been killed across the country this year as cartels battle for drug routes and lash back at President Felipe Calderon’s national crackdown on organized crime.

On Tuesday, the body of a 28-year-old man was dumped in an empty lot in the beach resort of Rosarito, outside Tijuana. The victim was still carrying a loaded gun.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20081112/ap_on_re_la_am_ca/lt_mexico_violence;_ylt=AuOB0oFy5gbuU_VzCFPC7vwDW7oF

WITHOUT VOTER ID LAWS THESE SAME PEOPLE WILL BE ELECTING OFFICIALS ON THE US SIDE OF THE BORDER.

To Read More On Human Trafficking SEE:

http://www.humantrafficking.org/combat_trafficking

http://www.unfpa.org/gender/violence1.htm

http://www.salvationarmyusa.org/trafficking

Human trafficking is the third most profitable criminal activity, following only drug and arms trafficking. An estimated 9.5 billion is generated in annual revenue from all trafficking activities, with at least $4 billion attributed to the worldwide brothel industry. [Based on 2005 Statistics]

Each year, an estimated 600,000 to 800,000 men, women, and children are trafficked across international borders (some international and non-governmental organizations place the number far higher), and the trade is growing. http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/ncvrw/2005/pg5l.html

Trafficking in persons is modern-day slavery, involving victims who are forced, defrauded or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation. Annually, about 600,000 to 800,000 people — mostly women and children — are trafficked across national borders which does not count millions trafficked within their own countries.

People are snared into trafficking by many means. In some cases, physical force is used. In other cases, false promises are made regarding job opportunities or marriages in foreign countries to entrap victims. Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat: it deprives people of their human rights and freedoms, it is a global health risk, and it fuels the growth of organized crime. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/rls/33109.htm

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