“Obama Renews Calls For Comprehensive Immigration Reform”, “President Barack Obama Friday renewed his calls to reform what he called America’s broken immigration system”. http://www.rttnews.com/Content/Policy.aspx?Id=1279544&SM=1
Comprehensive Reform? What, we need to “reform” again? The “system is broken? I think not. The problem, according to American People, is that you, Mr. President, are failing to enforce our existing laws.
Is Comprehensive Immigration Reform Needed Again?
Oh, really! We need to “Reform” again. When a liberal Democrat says “Reform” what he means is “increase immigration quotas”, to allow additional numbers of immigrants to enter the Country.
When a Democrat says “Reform” the word you should hear is amnesty. As in amnesty for the illegals who are currently residing illegally within our borders.
Well, Mr. President, we have tried that path and history clearly shows that the “amnesty” path does not work. We have tried that “path” and it failed.
BRIEF HISTORY OF US IMMIGRATION LAWS
The United States adopted its Constitution in 1789. The United States granted citizenship to immigrants for the first time in 1790.
In 1798 Congress authorized the President to expel “dangerous” aliens in the Alien Friends Act and the Alien Enemies Act.
The Naturalization Act of 1802 expanded the provisions of the 1795 law and created a “five-year legal residency requirement” prior to granting an immigrant citizenship. Then in 1808, Congress enacted a law forbidding the importation of slaves.
No official immigration records were kept until 1820, but it is estimated that 250,000 immigrants, 1/4 of a million people, arrived in the United States between 1790 and 1820 – the 1st 30 years of the Constitutionally governed United States. It is estimateed that an additional 10 million immigrants came to American between 1820 and 1875 when the US passed its first “restrictive” immigration law.
The first ”restrictive immigration law” in 1875 excluded ”convicts” and “prostitutes”, the 1st classes of individuals to be denied “lawful entry” into the United States. Those same “class” restrictions continue to this day.
In 1918 Congress passed the “Anarchist Exclusion Act”. An anarchist is ”a person who promotes disorder or excites revolt against any established rule, law, or custom.”. The Act of 1918 did not only deny admission to the United States but also provided a basis to deport “anarchists” out of the Country.
The Act specifically identified the following people
(a) aliens who are anarchists;
- (1) the overthrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States or of all forms of law, or
- (2) the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers, either of specific individuals or of officers generally, of the Government of the United States or of any other organized government, because of his or their official character, or
- (3) the unlawful damage, injury, or destruction of property, or
- (4) sabotage;
- (1) the ovethrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States or of all forms of law, or
- (2) the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers of the Government of the United States or of any other government, or
- (3) the unlawful damage, injury, or destruction of property, or
- (4) sabotage;
Limits on Immigration- Immigration Quotas – The 1920′s
In the 1920′s Congress implemented the first numerical controls on immigration. Enacted first, as a temporary measure, the 1921 Quota Law marked a major shift in the U.S. approach to immigration control. The law limited immigration from each foreign nation to 3% of the number of foreign-born persons of that nationality residing in the U.S. as of the 1910 census.
The total quota for the Country was 357,000 new immigrants per year.
In 1924, Congress further restricted immigration by reducing the immigration quota from 3% of foreign-born persons under the 1910 census to 2% of the foreign-born under the 1890 census. This change cut the total quota of new immigrants per year to 164,667.
During the 1930′s and the “Great Depression” more people emigrated out of (left) the United States than “immigrated” into the Country. In the entire decade of the 1930′s only 500,000 ( 1/2 million) immigrants entered the United States. In the year 1932 only 35,000 (thirty five thousand) immigrants entered the country while 100,000 (one hundred thousand) left or emigrated out of the country.
In the 1940′s the United States negotoated the first of its “temporary worker” programs with Mexico.
In a 1948 response to problems created by the devastation of Europe in World War II and the Nazi Holocaust, Congress adopted the Displaced Persons Act that allowed for the admission into the U.S. of some 400,000 non-citizens.
A Brief History of 20th Century Immigration Law Reform
THE 1952 ACT
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (INA) consolidated previous immigration laws into one coordinated statute. As amended, the 1952 Act provided the foundation for immigration law in effect today.
The 1952 Act retained the national origins quota and established a 150,000 person limit.
Within the quota system, four types of entrance preferences were established. First preference was given to those entrants with skills or experience needed by the U.S. economy. Those persons with close family relations to U.S. citizens or permanent residents received lower preferences.
It should be noted that spouses, children, and parents of U.S. citizens were not and are still not subject to the quota or preference system. For that reason, they are called “immediate relatives.”
Following the passage of the 1952 law a large increase in apprehensions of deportable non-citizens occurred. The Border Patrol, numbering just about 1,000 strong, apprehended 800,000 deportable non-citizens in 1952; in 1954, that number increased to one million.
THE 1965 AMENDMENTS
The 1965 amendments replaced the national origins formula with a limit of 20,000 on each country in the Eastern Hemisphere and an overall limit of 170,000 for that hemisphere. The law established a quota of 120,000 for the Western Hemisphere, without preferences or country limits to take effect in 1968. ( A total of 290,000 new “legal immigrants” were to be allowed per year).
The 1965 amendments abolished the old four-preference system and established in its place a seven-preference system for close relatives and those immigrants with needed occupational skills from the Eastern Hemisphere.
Spouses of U.S. citizens were permitted to immigrate without reference to the quota or preference system.
Under the preference system, unmarried adult children of U.S. citizens received highest preference; second preference was granted to spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents. The preference for immigrants of “exceptional ability” and those in “the professions” was changed from first to third. Other relatives of citizens and permanent residents received the fourth and fifth preferences. Sixth preference was given to needed workers. Seventh preference was allocated to refugees.
THE 1976 AMENDMENT
The 1976 amendment applied the Eastern Hemisphere preference system to the Western Hemisphere, both hemispheres were subject to the 20,000 per country limit and the seven preference system.
THE 1978 AMENDMENT
The 1978 amendment established a world-wide quota of 290,000 and applied the same per country limits and seven preference system to both hemispheres. This worldwide ceiling eliminated the hemisphere consideration and allowed visas to go where the need was greatest.
Illegal Immigration in the 1970′s
The number of deportable non-citizens, which fell in the 1950s, climbed rapidly in the 1960s and 1970s, as did the number of total entries. In 1972, one half million deportable non-citizens were apprehended. By 1977, that annual figure had doubled. The Border Patrol had grown to a force of 2,400.
The Immigration Service estimated that, between undetected border crossings and violations of legal entry conditions, millions of undocumented non-citizens were living in the U.S. in 1974. In 1979 the Border Patrol apprehended one million deportable non-citizens. That year, the INS employed almost 11,000 personnel and had a 300 million dollar budget.
THE 1980 REFUGEE ACT
The Carter Administration asked for special legislation to deal with the issue of the “”Mariel Boat Lift” that delivered 100,000′s of Cubans to the shores of Florida. It later became evident that Fidel Castro, the Communist dictator in Cuba, had emptied his prisons and placed untold number of Cuban criminal felons on the boats with the non-criminal Cubans seeking asylum in the United States. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariel_boatlift . The boat lift began on April 1, 1980 and ended in October 1980.
Estimates vary on how many of the incoming immigrants were “undesirables” or former felons. The low estimate placed the number at 7,500 with a high estimate of 40,000 convicted felons. Congress adopted an official estimate of 12,500. Approximately 2700 of the immigrants were denied entry due to their criminal past.
The “boat lift” was depicted in the movie “Scarface”.
THE 1986 IMMIGRATION REFORM AND CONTROL ACT (IRCA)
In 1980 the United States Census Bureau counted 2,047,000 undocumented non-citizens in the country. Based on the Bureau of Census experience in miscounting other segments of the population, the Bureau had estimated that there were 5,965,000 undocumented persons in the country on census day April 1, 1980.
The 1986 the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) dealt with the major problem of undocumented workers by imposing sanctions on employers while it legalized the status (provided amnesty) of undocumented entrants who had arrived prior to January 1, 1982.
In exchange for the increased enforcement provisions of IRCA, Congress offered a broad amnesty for many undocumented non-citizens already present in the country.
Non-citizens who met these requirements and filed an application between May 5, 1987, and May 4, 1988, were granted temporary residence. After 18 months of temporary residence, the non-citizens had one year in which to apply for adjustment to permanent resident status or they would become undocumented once again.
Response to the amnesty program was less enthusiastic than expected. The INS originally estimated that between two and four million applications would be filed by the almost 5.5 million illegals estimated to be in the Country, but when the program ended, only 1.4 million people had applied for amnesty.
A proposal to extend the application deadline passed the House of Representatives but died in the Senate, due to fears that an extension would send the message that the U.S. could not enforce its immigration laws. The program thus ended as planned on May 4, 1988.
Another concern in adopting IRCA was the potential adverse financial impact on the states. For this reason, IRCA included extensive provisions disqualifying newly legalized non-citizens (except Cuban/Haitian entrants) from receiving most federal public welfare assistance for five years.
THE IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1990
In 1990, Congress passed a series of amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act, collectively referred to as the Immigration Act of 1990 (“1990 Act” also known as “IMMACT 90″).
The most visible feature of IMMACT 90 was the increase by approximately 35% in the numerical limitation system, or overall immigration allowed. IMMACT 90 established an annual limit for worldwide immigration of 700,000 for three years, after which it decreased to 675,000. Because other provisions of the 1990 Act allowed immigration of groups not counted in the 700,000, and a separate law permitted as many as 125,000 refugees to be legally admitted, the actual worldwide immigration limit was closer to 900,000.
This number represented a nearly 300% increase over the 290,000 immigrants allowed in 1978.
The 1990 Act increased the allocation for both family-related and employee-related immigration. In addition, the new law created a separate basis by which “diversity” immigrants, that is, nationals of countries with relatively low numbers of immigrants since 1965, could gain entry.
Of the first 700,000 annual allotment, 465,000 visas were made available to family-sponsored immigrants, 140,000 for employment-based immigrants, and 55,000 for diversity immigrants.
Beginning October 1, 1991, all family-sponsored immigration was limited to approximately 480,000 annually for two years, after which the yearly limit dropped to 465,000. The relatively large percentage of the overall limit allocated to family-related immigration reflected the continued commitment to family unity as a primary goal of immigration policy.
There is still no limit on immigration by immediate relatives.
The 1990 Act did guarantee admission of at least 226,000 other relatives of U.S. citizens and permanent residents, an increase of approximately 65,000 over the former quota, set just 4 years previously in 1986.
THE ACTS OF 1996 (AEDPA and IIRIRA)
Three new immigration acts were signed by President Bill Clinton in 1996.
The first of these acts was the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA), which became law on April 24, 1996.
The second was the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (Welfare Reform Act), which became law on August 22, 1996. The changes made by the Welform Reform Act were part of a comprehensive reform of the American Welfare System and were not reforms solely made to target immigrants or illegal immigrants.
The third was the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA), which became law on September 30, 1996. The AEDPA and IIRIRA increased the number of criminal acts for which a non-citizen could be removed and eliminated nearly all forms of relief for non-citizens with criminal convictions.
IIRIRA also stiffened the requirement for affidavits of support for immigrants entering on the basis of their relationship to U.S. citizens or permanent residents. A sponsor must agree in the affidavit to provide support for the immigrant at an annual income that is not less than 125% of the federal poverty standard. Also, the sponsor must reimburse the government if the non-citizen receives means-tested public benefits within ten years of admission, unless he or she has naturalized. IIRIRA also added a ground of removability for any non-citizen who becomes a “public charge” within five years of admission.
Like the affidavit of support requirement, the 1996 Welfare Act reflected Congress’ concern that immigrants were placing an increasing burden on the federal budget. The Welfare Act made most non-citizens, including permanent residents, ineligible for federal benefits such as food stamps and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Immigrants who entered the country after August 22, 1996, were ineligible for all means-tested public benefits for a period of five years. The Welfare Act also authorized the states to deny benefits to certain classes of non-citizens.
In 1998 reinstated federal benefits for most permanent residents who were receiving them before passage of the Act.
SECTION 434 & SECTION 642 of the 1996 ACT
The 1996 law states the following:
“Pursuant to § 434 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA, P.L. 104-193) and § 642 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA, P.L. 104-208) states and localities may not limit their governmental entities or officers from maintaining records regarding a person’s immigration status, or bar the exchange of such information with any federal, state, or local entity.
This language was placed in the “Comprehensive Immigration Reform” of 1996 in repsonse to the creation of ”Sanctuary Cities” and the adoption of “Sanctuary City Statutes” by many U.S. cities.
As the previous parargarphs clearly establish, Immigration Laws and Quotas are the responisbility of the Federal Government, any attempt by State of City Governments to usurp this power from the Federal Government is unconstitutional. A States attempt to enforce a Federal Immigration Law is not unconstitutional. Simply put, while States and Cities don’t create Immigration Law, they are expected to enforce them.
WHAT IS A SANCTUARY CITY?
The term “Sanctuary City” refers to a city or state that enacts policies which are favorable to illegal immigrants. Specifically, sanctuary cities often mandate local laws which prevent inquiry into a person’s immigration status.
How does one administer the Federal, State and Local criminal laws and civil laws governing the allocation and distribution of Federal, State and Local Welfare benefits?
Sanctuary policies are a violation of federal law, such as the section 642(a) of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act, which prohibits the embedding of illegal immigrants, and the March 2005 United States Supreme Court case, Muehler v Mena, which stated that law enforcement has the right to ask about immigration status.
While the laws differ from Commmunity to Community, an example of a “Sanctuary City” ordinance, taken from the city of Tacoma Park, Maryland, follows:
“Introduced by: Councilmember Seamens First Reading: October 22, 2007: Second Reading: October 29, 2007
CITY OF TAKOMA PARK, MARYLAND, ORDINANCE NO. 2007-58,
AN ORDINANCE REAFFIRMING AND STRENGTHENING THE CITY OF TAKOMA PARK’S IMMIGRATION SANCTUARY LAW
WHEREAS, in 1985, as an expression of these values, the Takoma Park City Council passed the City of Refuge Ordinance, which prohibits City employees, including police officers, from cooperating with federal immigration authorities in the enforcement of civil and criminal immigration laws and prohibits City employees from requesting or disclosing information regarding the immigration status of individuals.
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF TAKOMA PARK, MARYLAND:
SECTION 1. Title 9, Civil Liberties and Human Relations, Chapter 4, Rights of Non-U.S. Citizens in Takoma Park, of the Takoma Park Code (2004 edition) is amended as follows: 9.04.010 No City enforcement of immigration laws. A. No agent, officer or employee of the City, in the performance of official duties, shall assist the United States Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement in the investigation or arrest of any persons for civil or criminal violation of the immigration and nationality laws of the United States.
9.04.020 No inquiries into citizenship. No agent, officer or employee of the City, in the performance of official duties, shall ask any person about his or her citizenship or immigration status or inquire about any person’s citizenship or immigration status with any third person.
No agent, officer or employee of the City, in the performance of official duties, shall release any information regarding the citizenship or residency status of any City resident.immigration status of any individual to any third party.”
The intent of the Tacoma Park, Maryland statute is obvious, a liberal attempt to usurp the Federal Governements authority to regulate immigration into the United States and to disrupt the co-operation between Federal, State and City Law Enforcement officials while they attempt to enforce the laws of this Country. How does one enforce Federal or State welfare laws that prohibit dispersing benefits to illegal aliens while reserving the benefits for citizens and “legal immigrants” if one cannot make a legal determination of who is in the Country legally and who is here illegally?
The devastating effect this short sighted, unconstitutional activity could have on the safety of America became all to clear on September 11, 2001.
THE COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM 09/11/2001
The September 11, 2001, attacks resulted in significant changes in immigration law and policy. Congress passed several acts intended to improve national security, including the USA Patriot Act (115 Stat. 272), the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act (116 Stat. 543), and the Homeland Security Act (116 Stat. 2135). One of the most dramatic consequences of these measures was the elimination of the INS and the transfer of immigration functions to the Department of Homeland Security in 2003. Other provisions of these acts broadened the class of people who can be excluded or removed for terrorist activity, mandated increased screening of applicants for admission, and called for new data systems to track non-citizens in the U.S.
ATTEMPTED IMMIGRATION REFORM OF 2007
U.S. House Passes Drake Amendment to Eradicate Sanctuary Cities. Amendment withholds federal funding for localities that violate Section 642(a) of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act
July 25, 2007
Washington D.C. — The U.S. House of Representatives today passed an amendment by Representative Thelma Drake (R-Va.) to H.R. 2638, the Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2008. Passing by a voice vote, Rep. Drake’s amendment aims to eliminate what are commonly referred to as “sanctuary policies” in local municipalities, whereby law enforcement officials are barred from asking suspects about their immigration status or reporting them to Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE). The amendment will ensure that existing law is enforced uniformly across the country by withholding federal funding for cities that choose to violate section 642(a) of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA).
“Although predominately a federal issue, we have all witnessed how the epidemic of illegal immigration can impact members of a local community,” said Rep. Drake. “Solving this problem is going to require the commitment from all levels of government to engage in an active partnership.
“Sanctuary cities undermine these partnerships by willfully and selectively choosing to disregard federal laws that are already on the books. Most Americans agree that if you want to get serious about addressing our nation’s failed immigration system, enforcing existing laws is a good place to start.
“This amendment says that when Congress took steps to eradicate sanctuary policies back in the Nineties, we meant it. I am committed to ensuring that this language remains in the legislation and is signed into law by the President.”
Under section 642(a) of IIRIRA, a “Federal, State, or local government entity or official may not prohibit, or in any way restrict, any government entity or official from sending to, or receiving from, the Immigration and Naturalization Service information regarding the citizenship or immigration status, lawful or unlawful, of any individual.”
The Democratically controlled U.S. Senate blocked a vote on the Drake Amendment in 2007 & 2008.
THE ARIZONA LAW 2009
The State of Arizona passed Arizona House Bill 2162 and it was signed into law on April 26, 2010. http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/49leg/2r/bills/hb2162c.htm
On the day the law was signed into effect Arizona has at least 4 ”Sanctuary Cities” violating the Federal Law; Phoenix, Tuscon, Chandler and Mesa.
Section 3 of the Arizona is titled; “Cooperation and assistance in enforcement of immigration laws.”
Section 3 of the Arizona Law mandates that all State, Local and City Employees enforce both Federal and State laws regarding criminal acts committed by illegal aliens. The law mandates that the laws be enforced “concurrently” by all Federal, State and Local law enforcement officials.
Section 3 does not permit law enforcement officials to stop and ask anyone for their ID. No one!
Section 3 does require that once law enforcement officials have “stoppped, detained or arrested” an individual and are “conducting a criminal investigation”, the suspect will be asked for identification.
All indivuals who find themselves the subject of an investigation will be asked for their ID.
PRESUMPTION OF LAWFUL CITIZENSHIP UNDER THE ARIZONA LAW
Any individual who can produce one of the following pieces of identification is presumed to be a “lawful citizen of the United States”: 1). A valid Arizona driver license. 2). A valid Arizona nonoperating identification license. 3). A valid tribal enrollment card or other form of tribal identification. 4). If the entity requires proof of legal presence in the United States before issuance, any valid United States federal, state or local government issued identification.
Section 3 also provides, “A law enforcement official or agency may not consider race, color or national origin in implementing the requirements of this subsection except to the extent permitted by the United States or Arizona Constitution”.
FEDERAL DETERMINATION OF CITIZENSHIP STATUS UNDER THE ARIZONA LAW
If some one is “stopped, detained or arrested” and cannot produce identification, the law enforcement officals are instructed to continue their investigation, however, the determination of whether any individual is an “illegal alien” is determined according to Federal Law: “In the implementation of this section, an alien’s immigration status may be determined by: 1. A law enforcement officer who is authorized by the federal government to verify or ascertain an alien’s immigration status, or 2. The United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement or the United States Customs and Border Protection Act pursuant to 8 United States Code section 1373(c).”
THE TIP OF THE ICEBERG – SCAAP PAYMENTS – THE HIDDEN COST OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION:
SCAAP is a payment program administered by OJP, through its component the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), in conjunction with the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) bureau within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).2 SCAAP was authorized by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 to provide federal assistance to states and localities for the costs of incarcerating certain criminal aliens who are in custody based on state or local charges or convictions.3 In fiscal year (FY) 2005, BJA distributed $287.1 million in SCAAP payments to 752 state, county, and local jurisdictions.
The following table displays the 10 jurisdictions that received the largest SCAAP payments from the FY 2005 appropriation. Collectively, they accounted for nearly 69 percent of the SCAAP payments made from that appropriation.
|TOP TEN SCAAP RECIPIENTS – FY 2005|
|California||State of California5||$ 85,953,191|
|New York||State of New York||24,022,356|
|Texas||State of Texas||18,582,484|
|New York||City of New York||15,893,255|
|Florida||State of Florida||12,806,110|
|California||Los Angeles County6||12,530,034|
|Arizona||State of Arizona||12,139,791|
|Illinois||State of Illinois||4,731,269|
|Massachusetts||State of Massachusetts||4,728,549|
The program only reimburses states and localities that incur correctional officer salary costs for incarcerating undocumented criminal aliens who: (1) have at least one felony or two misdemeanor convictions for violations of state or local law, and (2) are incarcerated for at least four consecutive days during the established reporting period. Applicants for funding are required to provide correctional officer salary costs, the total of all inmate days, and details about eligible inmates housed in their correctional facilities during that period.
In April 2005, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) issued a report stating that 80 percent of the SCAAP aliens were incarcerated in the five states of Arizona, California, Florida, New York, and Texas in FY 2003.
The total costs for Federal, State and Local detection, apprehension, arrest and incarceration are in the 100,’s of billions of dollars.
REPEAT OFFENDERS IN THE ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT COMMUNITY
The Department of Homeland Security reported the following to Congress.
Congression asked the Department of Homeland Security to determine how many criminal offenses were committed by criminal aliens who were released from state or local custody without a referral to DHS for removal from the United States.
To address this question, the DHS performed limited testing to determine the number of subsequent arrests of criminal aliens who were released from state or local custody. We based our testing on information from the vetted FY 2004 SCAAP database, which was the last year when ICE reported to BJA on the status of every person identified in support of applications for SCAAP funding. There were 262,105 records in that database. We requested assistance from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to have those records compared to arrest data in the FBI’s National Crime Information Center (NCIC).
After querying NCIC, the FBI provided us with nearly 433,000 text files that could not be searched by automated means. The volume of files was too great to search manually and quantify the results. Consequently, we judgmentally selected a sample of 100 criminal histories, which we reviewed for evidence of arrests of criminal aliens subsequent to June 30, 2003. The criminal histories for 73 of the 100 individuals documented at least one arrest after that date. Those 73 individuals accounted for a total of 429 arrests, with 878 charges and 241 convictions. These figures represent an average of nearly six arrests per individual.
The charges for the 73 individuals ranged from traffic violations and trespassing to more serious crimes, such as burglary or assault. Some of those charges included:
• 166 drug-related;
• 37 immigration-related;
• 213 burglary, robbery, or theft;
• 40 assault;
• 10 property damage;
• 3 terrorist threat;
and 13 weapons charges.
Based on this limited sample, the DHS could not statistically extrapolate the number of offenses committed by undocumented criminal aliens who were released from local custody without a referral to ICE. Based on the information available to us in the criminal histories, we could not determine the number of the criminal aliens in our sample that were deported, if any, and later arrested after reentering the United States. We also could not determine if ICE was notified before the criminal aliens in our sample were released from custody. But if this data is indicative of the full population of 262,105 criminal histories, the rate at which released criminal aliens are rearrested is extremely high. http://www.justice.gov/oig/reports/OJP/a0707/final.pdf
Today, in 2010, as in every year since the mid 1980′s, the US has allowed at least 1 million (1,000,000) new immigrants to enter this Country. More than 1 million each and every year. Yes, despite our economic down turn, over 1,000,000 immigrants entered this Country as LPRs (Legal Permanent Residents) in 2009. http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/lpr_fr_2009.pdf
Yes, the exact number, according to the Obama Administration, was 1,130, 818 for the year ending December 2009.
An additional 1,000,000 immigrants were granted the rights of “Naturalized Citizens” in 2009.
In addition to these numbers, believe it or not, it is estimated that 160 million (160,000,000) non-immigrant admissions occur on an annual basis. Non-immigrant admission include, ”tourists and business travelers from Canada, Mexican nationals with Border Crossing Cards, ….”. http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ni_fr_2009.pdf
The United States allows more “legal” immgration every year than all the other Countries in the world combined.
The list below summarizes the “Comprehensive Immigration Reforms of the 20th and 21st centuries. After every “Reform” the Federal Government admits increasing numbers of aliens while it fails to secure our borders.
Year Immigrants Granted Entry
1980 290,000 + 120,000 Cuban refuges
1986 290,000 + amnesty for 1.4 million.
U.S immigration quota limits do not include “direct family members” of “naturalized citizens”. A “naturalized citizen” can bring “direct relatives”, defined as the “naturalized citizen’s” mother, father, spouse, brothers, sisters and children, into the coutry as immigrants without having the “direct relative” qualified under the existing immigration quotas.
Since 1965 we have implemented 8 ” comprehensive immigration reforms”. Since 1986 we have increased the annual immigration quota from 290,000 to 1,100,000. In the 1980’s we offered “amnesty” to 5.6 million “illegal immigrants” and only 1.4 million accepted the offer. We have not managed to secure our borders even once.
One final question: Did any of the Law Enforcement Officers in the videos look like they had the free time to spend their days “profiling” innocent Hispanics taking their families to the local Dairy Queeen?
Intellectually dishonest and morally bamkrupt!
Slavery, in the form of human trafficking, is a larger enterprise and more profitable today than at any time in the history of mankind.
We must identify and root out the corrupt Politicians and Public Officials who are benefiting from this modern travesty. This modern day slavery cannot exist without the complicity of the Politicians and Public Officials. We must follow the money trial and identify those taking the “kickbacks” or cash from the smugllers and coyotes, accepting bribes from the brothel owners and operators, assisiting the drug smugglers, selling or renting the drop houses and brothels and turning a blind eye to the drug barons. Trafficking and drug smuggling are two of the most profitable illegal enterprises of our time. They cannot exist and flourish without the help of corrupt politicians and equally corrupt public officials.
How exactly, do we enforce our laws, when you prohibit Law Enforcement from even asking for ID.
Ask yourself why the Politicians are race baiting and then follow the money trail!
Filed under: Arizona Immigration Law, Illegal Immigration, Immigration, Immigration & Customs Enforcement, Inmigración, inmigración ilegal, Tafficking humanos, Tracfficking humanos Tagged: | Arizona Law, Human Trafficking, Illegal Immigration, Immigration, Sanctuary Cities, Secure Borders, Trafficking