Barack Obama – The Unauthorized Biography of a Marxist – Part 3 – The Hawaii Years, Barack Obama Sr
In 1935 just before Hitler took power in Germany and just before World War II would begin in Europe, Barack Hussein Obama, Sr. was born into the Lou Tribe, on the banks of Lake Victoria, Nyang-oma Kogelo in Kenya, East Africa. As a young man Obama was raised as a Muslim, however, as he developed a Marxist philosophy he renounced Islam for Athiesm. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama,_Sr.
In the early 1950’s the Mau-Mau rebellion began in Kenya. The Rebellion started within the Kikikuyu Tribe. The Mau – Mau’s wanted independance from Britian and a Kenya that was free of Whites. The first recorded meetings of the rebellions leaders are now reported as having taken place in August 1951. The Rellions goal; end British Rule in Kenya and drive out or kill all white settlers in Kenya. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm The Mau-Mau imposed an “oath” on black Kenyans, those who refused to take the oath were slaughtered. Intitiation into the Mau-Mau could include the murder of Whites settlers.
A Brief History Of The Mau-Mau Rebellion & Time Line Of Obama Sr’s Life
24th August 1952 – The Kenyan government imposes a curfew in three districts on the outskirts of Nairobi where gangs of arsonists, believed to be members of the Mau Mau, have been setting fire to homes of Africans who refuse to take the Mau Mau oath. (These sites also provide a broader historical review of the Mau-Mau Rebellion) http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm http://www.jmss.org/2006/2006spring/articles/MauMau.pdf http://www.history.com/encyclopedia.do?articleId=216045 http://www.wikinfo.org/index.php/Mau_Mau http://www.virginia.edu/politics/grad_program/print/Jonathan.Forney.Valuing.Violence.in.Africa.pdf
7th October 1952 – Senior Chief Waruhui is assassinated in Kenya — he is speared to death in broad daylight on a main road on the outskirts of Nairobi. He had recently spoken out against increasing Mau Mau aggression against colonial rule. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
1950’s BBC Newsreel on Mau-Mau
19th October 1952 – The British government announces that it will send troops to Kenya to help the fight against the Mau Mau. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
21st October 1952 – With the imminent arrival of British troops, the Kenyan government declares a state of emergency following a month of increasing hostility. Over 40 people have been murdered in Nairobi in the last four weeks and the Mau Mau, officially declared terrorists, have acquired firearms to use along with the more traditional pangas or machettes. As part of the overall clamp down Jomo Kenyatta, president of the Kenya African Union, is arrested for alleged Mau Mau involvement. Kenyatta would later visit the Soviet Union and seek support for his Marxist endeavors. While there can be no doubt that Kenyatta and the Mau-Mau’s were influenced by Soviet Marxism, the support the Mau-Mau’s received from the Soviets was largely verbal. Very little in the way of armaments or money were forth coming from Moscow. http://www.jmss.org/2006/2006spring/articles/MauMau.pdf Moscow was busy consolidating its possessions behind the Iron Curtain. The Communists, however, have a different view of this history. http://amadlandawonye.wikispaces.com/1989,+Furedi,+Mau+Mau,+Consolidation+of+Reaction
1950 BBC Newsreel – Death Waruhui
30th October 1952 – British troops are involved in the arrest of over 500 suspected Mau Mau activists. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
14th October 1952 – Thirty-four schools in Kikuyu tribal areas are closed in the continuing clamp down on Mau Mau activists. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
18th November 1952 – Jomo Kenyatta, president of the Kenya African Union and the country’s leading nationalist leader is charged with managing the Mau Mau terrorist society in Kenya. He is flown to a remote district station, Kapenguria, which reportedly has no telephone or rail communications with the rest of Kenya, and is being held there incommunicado. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
1950 BBC Report – Capture of Massacre Suspects
25th November 1952 – The Mau Mau declare open rebellion against British rule in Kenya. British forces respond by arresting over 2000 Kikuyu suspected of Mau Mau membership. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
THE REBELLION ESCALATES
18th January 1953 – Governor-general Sir Evelyn Baring imposes the death penalty for anyone who administers the Mau Mau oath – the oath is often forced upon Kikuyu tribesmen at the point of a knife, and calls for the individual’s death if he fails to kill a European farmer when ordered. Refusal to take the “blood oath” or failure to kill Europeans when ordered results in immediate execution by the Mau-Mau. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
1950 BBC Newsreel – Shadow Over Kenya
26th January 1953 – Panic has spread through Europeans in Kenya after the slaying of a white settler farmer and his family. Settler groups, displeased with the government’s response to the increasing Mau Mau threat have created their own Commando Units to deal with the threat. Sir Evelyn Baring, the Governor-general of Kenya has announced that a new offensive is to begin under the command of Major-general William Hinde. Amongst those speaking out against the Mau Mau threat and the government’s inaction is Elspeth Huxley, author (who wrote The Flame Trees of Thika in 1959), who in a recent newspaper article compares Jomo Kenyatta to Hitler. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
January 1953 – Barack Obama, Sr. marries his first wife, Kezia. In some press reports Obama’s marriage to Kezia is noted as having occurred in 1957. Obama was married to his first wife when he was 18. Obama was born in 1935, he was 25 years old when he met Stanley Ann Dunham in Hawaii in 1960. The tribal marriage to Kezia was sealed with a dowery payment of 14 cattle. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama,_Sr., http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama3.html
1st April 1953 – British troops kill twenty-four Mau Mau suspects and capture an additional thirty-six during deployments in the Kenyan highlands. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
8th April 1953 – Jomo Kenyatta, known to his followers as Burning the Spear, is sentenced to seven years hard labour along with five other Kikuyu currently detained at Kapenguria. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
17th April 1953 – An additional 1000 Mau Mau suspects have been arrested over the past week around the capital Nairobi. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
3rd May 1953 – Nineteen Kikuyu members of the Home Guard are murdered by the Mau Mau. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
5th March 1953 – Joseph Stalin dies.
29th May 1953 – Kikuyu tribal lands are to be cordoned off from the rest of Kenya to restrict movement of potential Mau Mau terrorists. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
July 1953 – Another 100 Mau Mau suspects have been killed during British patrols in Kikuyu tribal lands. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
15th January 1954 – General China, the second in command of the Mau Mau’s military efforts is wounded and captured by British troops. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
9th March 1954 – Two more Mau Mau leaders have been secured: General Katanga is captured and General Tanganyika surrenders to British authority. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
March 1954 – The great British plan to end the Mau Mau Rebellion in Kenya is presented to the country’s legislature — General China, captured in January, is to write to the other terrorist leaders suggesting that nothing further can be gained from the conflict and that they should surrender themselves to British troops waiting in the Aberdare foothills. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline.htm
11th April 1954 – British authorities in Kenya admit that the ‘General China operation’ revealed previously to the Kenyan legislature has failed. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
24th April 1954 – Over 40,000 Kikuyu tribesmen are arrested by British forces, including 5000 Imperial troops and 1000 Policemen, during widespread, coordinated dawn raids. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
26th May 1954 – The Treetops Hotel, where Princess Elizabeth and her husband were staying when they heard of King George VI’s death and her succession to the throne of England, is burnt down by Mau Mau activists. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
18th of January 1955 – The Governor-general of Kenya, Sir Evelyn Baring, offers an amnesty to Mau Mau activists — the offer means that they will not face the death penalty, but may still be imprisoned for their crimes. European settlers are up in arms at the leniency of the offer. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
21st April 1955 – Unmoved by Kenya’s Governor-general’s, Sir Evelyn Baring, offer of amnesty the Mau Mau killings continue – On this day two English schoolboys are murdered. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
June 10th , 1955 – Britain withdraws the offer of amnesty to the Mau Mau. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
Barack Obama, Sr. turns 20 years old.
October 1955 – Official reports suggest that over 70,000 Kikuyu tribesmen suspected of Mau Mau membership have been imprisoned, whilst over 13,000 people have been killed (by British troops and Mau Mau activists) over the last three years of the Mau Mau Rebellion. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
7th January 1956 – The official death toll for Mau Mau activists killed by British forces in Kenya since 1952 is put at 10,173. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
5th February 1956 – Nine Mau Mau activists escape from Mageta island prison camp in Lake Victoria. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
January 1958 – Barack Obama, Sr. has his first child, a son Roy, with his first wife Kezia. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama3.html
25th – 27th May – 1958 – Tom Mboya, General Secretary of the Kenyan Federation of Labor organized a non-violent boycott of Nairobi’s buses, cigarettes and beer. Mboya, like Obama, was a member of the Luo Tribe. http://www.jmss.org/2006/2006spring/articles/MauMau.pdf – page 9. Unlike Obama, Mboya was not a Pro-Soviet Marxist. Mboya was raised in Catholic Schools in Kenya and later attended Oxford University. Mboya’s Socialist leanings were in line with those of the British Labour Party not the Soviet Communist Party. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/countrieseast/p/bio_mboya.htm
Early 1959 – Tom Mboya traveled to the United States to persuade Americans to contribute to a scholarship fund and he was remarkably succesful in his efforts. Kenya, he said, needed Kenyans to be trained in America, so that when independence came they would be capable of replacing the British bureaucrats and administrators who ran the country. In the late 1950s, there were no universities in Kenya. Eight thousand Americans contributed to the fund, among them leaders of the black community including Sidney Poitier, Harry Belafonte, and Jackie Robinson – the famous baseball player. According to the “Tom Mboya Archives” at Stanford University, Elizabeth Mooney Kirk, a literacy advocate, provided most of the financial support for Obama Sr.’s early years in the United States. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama3.html , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Hussein_Obama,_Sr. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/countrieseast/p/bio_mboya.htm http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/29/AR2008032902031.html?nav=hcmodule Mboya’s affinity for American and British educational systems offended both the Soviets and the Pro-Soviet forces within Kenya.
July 1959 – 11 Mau Mau activists held at Hola Camp in Kenya are killed. British opposition political parties cite the deaths in their attacks on the UK government along with Britian’s continuing role in Africa in upcoming British elections. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
August 1959 – Kezia, now three months pregnant with the Obama’s second child, a daughter, Auma, says her farewell as Barack Obama, Sr. leaves to study at the University of Hawaii. Barack Obama Senior was one of eighty one Tom Mboya scholars that year, along with his friend Phil Obeigwe. The two would meet for a send off party in Mboya’s Nairobi offices before flying off to America together. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama4.html
September 1959 – Barack Obama Senior begins studies at the University of Hawaii. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/29/AR2008032902031.html?nav=hcmodule , http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama3.html
10th November 1959 – The British call an end to tthe state of emergency in Kenya. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
18th January 1960 – The Kenyan Constitutional Conference being held in London is boycotted by African nationalist leaders.
In “Dreams”, Barack Obama Jr. claims that, “The Kennedy’s (President John F Kennedy) decided: ‘We’re going to do an airlift. We’re going to go to Africa and start bringing young Africans over to this country and give them scholarships to study so they can learn what a wonderful country America is. This young man named Barack Obama [Sr.] got one of those tickets and came over to this country.” This account of Obama Sr’s arrival in the US is entirely fiction. The Kennedy family involvement with the airlift did not begin until 1960, one year after Obama, Sr. had arrived and started studies at the University of Hawaii. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Hussein_Obama,_Sr. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/29/AR2008032902031.html?nav=hcmodule Obama repeated this falsehood in a 2007 civil rights speech in Selma, Alabama. These facts can be confirmed by documents in the Kennedy Library. http://www.jfklink.com/speeches/jfk/misc60/jfk010860_africangrant.html During the Selma speech Obama went on to falsely embellish when he said, “There was something stirring across the country [then] because of what happened in Selma, Alabama, because some folks are willing to march across a bridge. So they got together and Barack Obama Junior was born. So don’t tell me I don’t have a claim on Selma, Alabama.” Bloggers have pointed out that the Selma bridge protest did not occurr until four years after Obama’s birth. The Washington Post went on to confirm the falsehood. Barrack, if you have a claim on a connection to Selma, it isn’t this one. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/29/AR2008032902031_2.html?nav=hcmodule
BBC Newsreel – Tom Mboya Funeral
June 1960 – Barack Obama, Sr. finishes his first year of study at the University of Hawaii.
June 1960 – Stanley Ann Dunham arrives in Hawaii with her family.
September 1960 – Barack Obama, Sr and Stanley Ann Dunham meet in a Russian Language class at the University of Hawaii.
November 1960 – Stanley Ann Dunham turns 18 and conceives Barrack Obama, Jr.
February 21 1961 – It is claimed that Barack Hussien Obama, Sr. married Stanley Ann Dunham in Maui, Hawaii. There were no parents, friends or witnesses present. Writers have suggested that since no documentary evidence of a marriage has ever been produced, the failure to produce such evidence strongly suggests that Stanley Ann Dunham and Barack Obama Senior were never legally married. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama5.html
The State of Hawaii maintains all marriage records in its Department of Vital Records, a part of the Department of Health. Its website states that any family member can request copies of valid marriage certificates by simply paying a small fee. Documentary evidence for marriages that took place in Hawaii in 1961 is readily available for any any inquiring family member. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama5.html
18th April 1961 – In return for the release of Jomo Kenyatta, African nationalist leaders agree to take a role in Kenya’s government. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
June 1961 – Barack Hussein Obama, Sr. finishes his second year of studies at University of Hawaii. Stanley Ann Dunham finishes her first year studies at the University of Hawaii.
14th July 1961 – Jomo Kenyatta, now aged 71, is finally released from house arrest in Gatundu, 22 kilometres outside Nairobi.
August 4, 1961 – Barack Hussein Obama, Jr is born. It is reported that Stanley Ann Dunham drops out of school to take care of the child. This is incorrect. It has been reported that Barack Hussein Obama, Sr was not present at the birth. Stanley Ann’s high school classmate Susan Blake had the impression that he was not there, and may not even have been on the island of Hawaii at the time, but no other contemporary has any recollections on this issue one way or the other. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama6.html
August 1961 – Obama biographer David Mendell reports that Barack Obama Senior rented a small one floor house near the campus of the University of Hawaii around this time, ostensibly as a home for his young wife and their new son. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama6.html Other reports suggest this is incorrect.
Late August 1961 – Stanley Ann (Dunham) Obama returns to Mercer Island, Washington and enrolls in classes at the University of Washington. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama6.html
The Obama Family Myth – as desribed in “Dreams” is that Barack Obama Sr. abandoned his wife and young child to study at Harvard. That Obama Sr. had a choice between Harvard and the New School, that he choose Harvard over the New School where scholarship money would have helped support the family. Again, this is myth. Ann Obama left Barack Obama Sr, in August 1961, weeks after Barack Jr’s birth. Ann found funding for her own studies at the University of Washigton while Barack Sr completed his studies at the University of Hawaii. Ann did not attend Obama’s graduation ceremonies and did not return to Hawaii until Obama had moved on to Harvard University.
21st August 1961 – All restrictions on Jomo Kenyatta’s movements are lifted following his release from prison the previous month.
September 1961 – Barack Obama, Sr. continues his studies at the University of Hawaii. Ann Obama continues her studies at the University of Washington. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama6.html
March 1962 – Ann Obama registers for additional courses at the University of Washington. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama7.html
May 1962 – According to the Tom Mboya archives at Stanford University, Elizabeth Mooney Kirk wrote to the Mboya Scholarship Fund asking it to fund Obama Senior’s graduate studies at Harvard. No mention was made in the request of the need to fund the living expenses of a wife and son. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama8.html
June 1962 – Barack Hussein Obama, Sr graduates with honors (Phi Betta Kappa) after only 3 years of study at the University of Hawaii. Neither Ann Obama nor Barack Jr. attend the graduation. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama9.html
June 22, 1962 – The Honolulu Star-Bulletin noted Obama’s departure from Hawaii for Harvard. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama9.html
June/September 1962 – Ann Obama moves back to Hawaii with Barack, Jr. She would resume her attendance at the University of Hawaii on an irregular part time basis. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama9.html
September 1962 – Barack Sr. begins studies at Harvard University. Obama would meet an American-born teacher named Ruth Nidesand who would return to Kenya with Obama after his graduation from Harvard. Obama and Nidestand would eventually marry, she would become his third wife. The couple would have two children before they divorced. http://www.christianfaithandreason.com/obama9.html
27th May 1963 – Jomo Kenyatta is elected prime minister in Kenya’s first multi-racial elections. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
November 1963 – President Kennedy is killed in Dallas, Texas.
12th December 1963 – Kenya becomes the 34th African state to achieve independence. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
16th December 1963 – General amnesty is announced for Mau Mau activists. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
January 1964 – Ann Obama files for divorce.
Spring 1964 – Barack Obama graduates from Havard University with a Masters degree in Economics.(the degree was awarded in 1965) and Obama returned home to Kenya. Upon his return Obama was hired by Shell Oil Company, however he soon obtained a position as an Economist with the Kenyan Ministry of Transportation. Obama would then become the Senior Economist in the Kenyan Ministry of Finance working under the direction of Tom Mboya’s Ministry of Economic Planning and Development. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Hussein_Obama,_Sr.
12 December 1964 – Kenya is declared a republic. Jomo Kenyatta the first President. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/kenya/a/MauMauTimeline_2.htm
BBC Newsreel – Kenya a Republic – President Kenyatta / Vice President Odinga
July 1965 – Barack Obama, Sr. publishes an article titled “Problems Facing Our Socialism” in the East Africa Journal. The article was highly critical of the blueprint for national planning titled “African Socialism and Its Applicability to Planning in Kenya”. The blueprint had been prepared by Tom Mboya’s Ministry of Economic Planning and Development. http://www.politico.com/static/PPM41_eastafrica.html Mboya a fellow member of the Luo Tribe had been Obama’s mentor and protector. It had been Mboya, not the “Kennedy Family”, who had provided Obama with his opportunity for education in the US. Myboya’s publication, also called “Sessional Paper 10 on Harambee and the Principles of African Socialism” (adopted by Parliament in 1964) provided a model of government based on “African values” rather than Pro-Soviet Marxism. Mboya’s paper was considered the equivalent of Kenya’s “Economic Constitution” – Obama’s criticism of Mboya and his the support for the Pro-Soviet Marxists in the KPU (Kenyan Peoples Union), was a career killer. http://amadlandawonye.wikispaces.com/1989,+Furedi,+Mau+Mau,+Consolidation+of+Reaction (The above post by Communist University online).
Early 1967 – Support for the KPU had significantly diminished – KPU support was limited to a “handful of Luos”. http://amadlandawonye.wikispaces.com/1989,+Furedi,+Mau+Mau,+Consolidation+of+Reaction
5th July 1969 – Tom Mboya was assassinated by Nahashon Isaac Njenga Njorogein in Nairobi. After mboya’s death, Obama could not find another sponsor to help further his career. Obama’s career in Government stagnated. Whether President Jomo Kenyatta was involved in the killing of Mboya or not has always been highly disputed. http://encyclopedia.stateuniversity.com/pages/22354/Tom-Mboya.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Mboya
Some have suggested Mboya was killed because of alleged ties with the American CIA. http://www.afroarticles.com/article-dashboard/Article/Kenya—Tom-Mboya-s-fatal-links-with-CIA/111469
These allegations have been presented in works friendly to Marxist/Leninist ideology as a justification for Mboya’s assassination. There is no credible evidence of a CIA tie with Mboya, however, pro Soviet Marxists strongly opposed Mboya’s educational programs for young Kenyan’s (Marxists or not). Moscow wanted to educate the young Kenyan’s. http://kumekucha.blogspot.com/2007/08/tom-mboyas-son-breaks-silence-39-time.html http://amadlandawonye.wikispaces.com/1989,+Furedi,+Mau+Mau,+Consolidation+of+Reaction Questions remain as to whether Mboya may have been killed by the last remenants of the Pro-Soviet Marxist KPU.
Kenyan journalist Philip Ochieng, who traveled with Obama to America as a fellow student remained Obama’s friend for life. Ochieng, who referred to himself as Obama’s, “old drinking buddy”, recalled that Obama antagonized other officials with his “boasting,” was “excessively fond of Scotch” and ended up in poverty “without a job.” He got into frequent car accidents, one of which led to the amputation of both his legs. He was killed in another car accident, in 1982, at the age of 46.” http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/29/AR2008032902031_2.html?nav=hcmodule
In ‘Dreams” Obama states that Obama Sr’s career “was destroyed by a conflict with President Kenyatta”, that assertion is not supported by the facts. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama,_Sr.
While it is probabe that President Kenyatta distrusted Obama Sr. on the basis of their different tribal affliations (the animosity between the Kikuyu and Luo tribes continues to this day) it is much more probable that Obama’s betrayal of Tom Mboya and his radical Pro-Soviet Marxism made him an outcast in both the mainstream Luo Tribal Political System and in the greater Pan-African political movement fostered by Mboya and Kenyatta. Acknowledging this would be politically inconvenient for Candidate Obama.
Next: Part 4 – Barack Obama – The Unauthorized Biography of a Marxist -Obama Sr and Stanley Ann Dunham – 11 Months in Hawaii?
Their story as told by family and friends.
Read Part 1 Here:
Read Part 2 Here:
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